Summary Report Internet Governance Forum 2015

Centre for Internet and Society (CIS), India participated in the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) held at Poeta Ronaldo Cunha Lima Conference Center, Joao Pessoa in Brazil from 10 November 2015 to 13 November 2015. The theme of IGF 2015 was ‘Evolution of Internet Governance: Empowering Sustainable Development’. Sunil Abraham, Pranesh Prakash & Jyoti Panday from CIS actively engaged and made substantive contributions to several key issues affecting internet governance at the IGF 2015. The issue-wise detail of their engagement is set out below.


I. The Multi-stakeholder Advisory Group to the IGF organised a discussion on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Internet Economy at the Main Meeting Hall from 9:00 am to 12:30 pm on 11 November, 2015. The discussions at this session focused on the importance of Internet Economy enabling policies and eco-system for the fulfilment of different SDGs. Several concerns relating to internet entrepreneurship, effective ICT capacity building, protection of intellectual property within and across borders were availability of local applications and content were addressed. The panel also discussed the need to identify SDGs where internet based technologies could make the most effective contribution. Sunil Abraham contributed to the panel discussions by addressing the issue of development and promotion of local content and applications. List of speakers included:

  1. Lenni Montiel, Assistant-Secretary-General for Development, United Nations

  2. Helani Galpaya, CEO LIRNEasia

  3. Sergio Quiroga da Cunha, Head of Latin America, Ericsson

  4. Raúl L. Katz, Adjunct Professor, Division of Finance and Economics, Columbia Institute of Tele-information

  5. Jimson Olufuye, Chairman, Africa ICT Alliance (AfICTA)

  6. Lydia Brito, Director of the Office in Montevideo, UNESCO

  7. H.E. Rudiantara, Minister of Communication & Information Technology, Indonesia

  8. Daniel Sepulveda, Deputy Assistant Secretary, U.S. Coordinator for International and Communications Policy at the U.S. Department of State  

  9. Deputy Minister Department of Telecommunications and Postal Services for the republic of South Africa

  10. Sunil Abraham, Executive Director, Centre for Internet and Society, India

  11. H.E. Junaid Ahmed Palak, Information and Communication Technology Minister of Bangladesh

  12. Jari Arkko, Chairman, IETF

  13. Silvia Rabello, President, Rio Film Trade Association

  14. Gary Fowlie, Head of Member State Relations & Intergovernmental Organizations, ITU

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Transcript of the workshop is available here

Video link Internet economy and Sustainable Development here

 II. Public Knowledge organised a workshop on The Benefits and Challenges of the Free Flow of Data at Workshop Room 5 from 11:00 am to 12:00 pm on 12 November, 2015. The discussions in the workshop focused on the benefits and challenges of the free flow of data and also the concerns relating to data flow restrictions including ways to address them. Sunil Abraham contributed to the panel discussions by addressing the issue of jurisdiction of data on the internet. The panel for the workshop included the following.

  1. Vint Cerf, Google

  2. Lawrence Strickling, U.S. Department of Commerce, NTIA

  3. Richard Leaning, European Cyber Crime Centre (EC3), Europol

  4. Marietje Schaake, European Parliament

  5. Nasser Kettani, Microsoft

  6. Sunil Abraham, CIS India

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Transcript of the workshop is available here

Video link

 III. Article 19 and Privacy International organised a workshop on Encryption and Anonymity: Rights and Risks at Workshop Room 1 from 11:00 am to 12:30 pm on 12 November, 2015. The workshop fostered a discussion about the latest challenges to protection of anonymity and encryption and ways in which law enforcement demands could be met while ensuring that individuals still enjoyed strong encryption and unfettered access to anonymity tools. Pranesh Prakash contributed to the panel discussions by addressing concerns about existing south Asian regulatory framework on encryption and anonymity and emphasizing the need for pervasive encryption. The panel for this workshop included the following.

  1. David Kaye, UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression

  2. Juan Diego Castañeda, Fundación Karisma, Colombia

  3. Edison Lanza, Organisation of American States Special Rapporteur

  4. Pranesh Prakash, CIS India

  5. Ted Hardie, Google

  6. Elvana Thaci, Council of Europe

  7. Professor Chris Marsden, Oxford Internet Institute

  8. Alexandrine Pirlot de Corbion, Privacy International

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Transcript of the workshop is available here

Video link available here

 IV. Chalmers & Associates organised a session on A Dialogue on Zero Rating and Network Neutrality at the Main Meeting Hall from 2:00 pm to 4:00 pm on 12 November, 2015. The Dialogue provided access to expert insight on zero-rating and a full spectrum of diverse views on this issue. The Dialogue also explored alternative approaches to zero rating such as use of community networks. Pranesh Prakash provided a detailed explanation of harms and benefits related to different approaches to zero-rating. The panellists for this session were the following.

  1. Jochai Ben-Avie, Senior Global Policy Manager, Mozilla, USA

  2. Igor Vilas Boas de Freitas, Commissioner, ANATEL, Brazil

  3. Dušan Caf, Chairman, Electronic Communications Council, Republic of Slovenia

  4. Silvia Elaluf-Calderwood, Research Fellow, London School of Economics, UK/Peru

  5. Belinda Exelby, Director, Institutional Relations, GSMA, UK

  6. Helani Galpaya, CEO, LIRNEasia, Sri Lanka

  7. Anka Kovacs, Director, Internet Democracy Project, India

  8. Kevin Martin, VP, Mobile and Global Access Policy, Facebook, USA

  9. Pranesh Prakash, Policy Director, CIS India

  10. Steve Song, Founder, Village Telco, South Africa/Canada

  11. Dhanaraj Thakur, Research Manager, Alliance for Affordable Internet, USA/West Indies

  12. Christopher Yoo, Professor of Law, Communication, and Computer & Information Science, University of Pennsylvania, USA

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Transcript of the workshop is available here

 V. The Internet & Jurisdiction Project organised a workshop on Transnational Due Process: A Case Study in MS Cooperation at Workshop Room 4 from 11:00 am to 12:00 pm on 13 November, 2015. The workshop discussion focused on the challenges in developing an enforcement framework for the internet that guarantees transnational due process and legal interoperability. The discussion also focused on innovative approaches to multi-stakeholder cooperation such as issue-based networks, inter-sessional work methods and transnational policy standards. The panellists for this discussion were the following.

  1. Anne Carblanc Head of Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD

  2. Eileen Donahoe Director Global Affairs, Human Rights Watch

  3. Byron Holland President and CEO, CIRA (Canadian ccTLD)

  4. Christopher Painter Coordinator for Cyber Issues, US Department of State

  5. Sunil Abraham Executive Director, CIS India

  6. Alice Munyua Lead dotAfrica Initiative and GAC representative, African Union Commission

  7. Will Hudsen Senior Advisor for International Policy, Google

  8. Dunja Mijatovic Representative on Freedom of the Media, OSCE

  9. Thomas Fitschen Director for the United Nations, for International Cooperation against Terrorism and for Cyber Foreign Policy, German Federal Foreign Office

  10. Hartmut Glaser Executive Secretary, Brazilian Internet Steering Committee

  11. Matt Perault, Head of Policy Development Facebook

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Transcript of the workshop is available here

Video link Transnational Due Process: A Case Study in MS Cooperation available here

 VI. The Internet Governance Project organised a meeting of the Dynamic Coalition on Accountability of Internet Governance Venues at Workshop Room 2 from 14:00 – 15:30 on 12 November, 2015. The coalition brought together panelists to highlight the challenges in developing an accountability framework for internet governance venues that include setting up standards and developing a set of concrete criteria. Jyoti Panday provided the perspective of civil society on why acountability is necessary in internet governance processes and organizations. The panelists for this workshop included the following.

  1. Robin Gross, IP Justice

  2. Jeanette Hofmann, Director Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society

  3. Farzaneh Badiei, Internet Governance Project

  4. Erika Mann, Managing Director Public PolicyPolicy Facebook and Board of Directors ICANN

  5. Paul Wilson, APNIC

  6. Izumi Okutani, Japan Network Information Center (JPNIC)

  7. Keith Drazek , Verisign

  8. Jyoti Panday, CIS

  9. Jorge Cancio, GAC representative

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Video link

 VII. Digital Infrastructure Netherlands Foundation organized an open forum at Workshop Room 3 from 11:00 – 12:00 on 10 November, 2015. The open forum discussed the increase in government engagement with “the internet” to protect their citizens against crime and abuse and to protect economic interests and critical infrastructures. It brought together panelists topresent ideas about an agenda for the international protection of ‘the public core of the internet’ and to collect and discuss ideas for the formulation of norms and principles and for the identification of practical steps towards that goal. Pranesh Prakash participated in the e open forum. Other speakers included

  1. Bastiaan Goslings AMS-IX, NL

  2. Pranesh Prakash CIS, India

  3. Marilia Maciel (FGV, Brasil

  4. Dennis Broeders (NL Scientific Council for Government Policy)

Detailed description of the open forum is available here

Video link available here

VIII. UNESCO, Council of Europe, Oxford University, Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, Google, Internet Society organised a workshop on hate speech and youth radicalisation at Room 9 on Thursday, November 12. UNESCO shared the initial outcome from its commissioned research on online hate speech including practical recommendations on combating against online hate speech through understanding the challenges, mobilizing civil society, lobbying private sectors and intermediaries and educating individuals with media and information literacy. The workshop also discussed how to help empower youth to address online radicalization and extremism, and realize their aspirations to contribute to a more peaceful and sustainable world. Sunil Abraham provided his inputs. Other speakers include

1. Chaired by Ms Lidia Brito, Director for UNESCO Office in Montevideo

2.Frank La Rue, Former Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression

3. Lillian Nalwoga, President ISOC Uganda and rep CIPESA, Technical community

4. Bridget O’Loughlin, CoE, IGO

5. Gabrielle Guillemin, Article 19

6. Iyad Kallas, Radio Souriali

7. Sunil Abraham executive director of Center for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India

8. Eve Salomon, global Chairman of the Regulatory Board of RICS

9. Javier Lesaca Esquiroz, University of Navarra

10. Representative GNI

11. Remote Moderator: Xianhong Hu, UNESCO

12. Rapporteur: Guilherme Canela De Souza Godoi, UNESCO

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Video link to the panel is available here


IX. Electronic Frontier Foundation, Centre for Internet Society India, Open Net Korea and Article 19 collaborated to organize a workshop on the Manila Principles on Intermediary Liability at Workshop Room 9 from 11:00 am to 12:00 pm on 13 November 2015. The workshop elaborated on the Manila Principles, a high level principle framework of best practices and safeguards for content restriction practices and addressing liability for intermediaries for third party content. The workshop saw particpants engaged in over lapping projects considering restriction practices coming togetehr to give feedback and highlight recent developments across liability regimes. Jyoti Panday laid down the key details of the Manila Principles framework in this session. The panelists for this workshop included the following.

  1. Kelly Kim Open Net Korea,

  2. Jyoti Panday, CIS India,

  3. Gabrielle Guillemin, Article 19,

  4. Rebecca McKinnon on behalf of UNESCO

  5. Giancarlo Frosio, Center for Internet and Society, Stanford Law School

  6. Nicolo Zingales, Tilburg University

  7. Will Hudson, Google

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Transcript of the workshop is available here

Video link available here


X. Dynamic Coalition on Accessibility and Disability and Global Initiative for Inclusive ICTs organised a workshop on Empowering the Next Billion by Improving Accessibility at Workshop Room 6 from 9:00 am to 10:30 am on 13 November, 2015. The discussion focused on the need and ways to remove accessibility barriers which prevent over one billion potential users to benefit from the Internet, including for essential services. Sunil Abraham specifically spoke about the lack of compliance of existing ICT infrastructure with well established accessibility standards specifically relating to accessibility barriers in the disaster management process. He discussed the barriers faced by persons with physical or psychosocial disabilities. The panelists for this discussion were the following.

  1. Francesca Cesa Bianchi, G3ICT

  2. Cid Torquato, Government of Brazil

  3. Carlos Lauria, Microsoft Brazil

  4. Sunil Abraham, CIS India

  5. Derrick L. Cogburn, Institute on Disability and Public Policy (IDPP) for the ASEAN(Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Region

  6. Fernando H. F. Botelho, F123 Consulting

  7. Gunela Astbrink, GSA InfoComm

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Transcript of the workshop is available here

Video Link Empowering the next billion by improving accessibility


XI. A workshop on FOSS & a Free, Open Internet: Synergies for Development was organized at Workshop Room 7 from 2:00 pm to 3:30 pm on 13 November, 2015. The discussion was focused on the increasing risk to openness of the internet and the ability of present & future generations to use technology to improve their lives. The panel shred different perspectives about the future co-development of FOSS and a free, open Internet; the threats that are emerging; and ways for communities to surmount these. Sunil Abraham emphasised the importance of free software, open standards, open access and access to knowledge and the lack of this mandate in the draft outcome document for upcoming WSIS+10 review and called for inclusion of the same. Pranesh Prakash further contributed to the discussion by emphasizing the need for free open source software with end‑to‑end encryption and traffic level encryption based on open standards which are decentralized and work through federated networks. The panellists for this discussion were the following.

  1. Satish Babu, Technical Community, Chair, ISOC-TRV, Kerala, India

  2. Judy Okite, Civil Society, FOSS Foundation for Africa

  3. Mishi Choudhary, Private Sector, Software Freedom Law Centre, New York

  4. Fernando Botelho, Private Sector, heads F123 Systems, Brazil

  5. Sunil Abraham, CIS India

  6. Pranesh Prakash, CIS India

  7. Nnenna Nwakanma- WWW.Foundation

  8. Yves MIEZAN EZO, Open Source strategy consultant

  9. Corinto Meffe, Advisor to the President and Directors, SERPRO, Brazil

  10. Frank Coelho de Alcantara, Professor, Universidade Positivo, Brazil

  11. Caroline Burle, Institutional and International Relations, W3C Brazil Office and Center of Studies on Web Technologies

Detailed description of the workshop is available here

Transcript of the workshop is available here

Video link available here