UID Research

Posted by Vanya Rakesh at Dec 02, 2015 02:00 PM |
The Centre Internet and Society, India has been researching privacy policy in India since the year 2010 with the following objectives.
  1. Researching the vision and implementation of the UID Scheme - both from a technical and regulatory perspective.
  2. Understanding the validity and legality of collection, usage and storage of Biometric information for this scheme.
  3. Raising public awareness around issues concerning privacy, data security and the objectives of the UID Scheme.

The UID scheme seeks to provide all residents of India an identity number based on their biometrics that can be used to authenticate individuals for the purpose of Government benefits and services. A 2015 Supreme Court ruling has clarified that the UID can only be used in the PDS and LPG Schemes.

Concerns with the scheme include the broad consent taken at the time of enrolment, the lack of clarity as to what happens with transactional metadata, the centralized storage of the biometric information in the CIDR, the seeding of the aadhaar number into service providers’ databases, and the possibility of function creep. Also, there are concerns due to absence of a legislation to look into the privacy and security concerns.

UID Research -

1. Ramifications of Aadhar and UID schemes -

The UID and Aadhar systems have been bombarded with criticisms and plagued with issues ranging from privacy concerns to security risks. The following articles deal with the many problems and drawbacks of these systems.

§ UID and NPR: Towards Common Ground http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/uid-npr-towards-common-ground

§ Public Statement to Final Draft of UID Bill http://bit.ly/1aGf1NN

§ UID Project in India - Some Possible Ramifications http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/uid-in-india

§ Aadhaar Number vs the Social Security Number http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/aadhaar-vs-social-security-number

§ Feedback to the NIA Bill http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/cis-feedback-to-nia-bill

§ Unique ID System: Pros and Cons http://bit.ly/1jmxbZS

§ Submitted seven open letters to the Parliamentary Finance Committee on the UID covering the following aspects: SCOSTA Standards (http://bit.ly/1hq5Rqd), Centralized Database (http://bit.ly/1hsHJDg), Biometrics (http://bit.ly/196drke), UID Budget (http://bit.ly/1e4c2Op), Operational Design (http://bit.ly/JXR61S), UID and Transactions (http://bit.ly/1gY6B8r), and Deduplication (http://bit.ly/1c9TkSg)

§ Comments on Finance Committee Statements to Open Letters on Unique Identity: The Parliamentary Finance Committee responded to the open letters sent by CIS through an email on 12 October 2011. CIS has commented on the points raised by the Committee: http://bit.ly/1kz4H0F

§ Unique Identification Scheme (UID) & National Population Register (NPR), and Governance http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/uid-and-npr-a-background-note

§ Financial Inclusion and the UID http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/privacy_uidfinancialinclusion

§ The Aadhaar Case http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/the-aadhaar-case

§ Do we need the Aadhaar scheme http://bit.ly/1850wAz

§ 4 Popular Myths about UID http://bit.ly/1bWFoQg

§ Does the UID Reflect India? http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/privacy/uid-reflects-india

§ Would it be a unique identity crisis? http://cis-india.org/news/unique-identity-crisis

§ UID: Nothing to Hide, Nothing to Fear? http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/privacy/uid-nothing-to-hide-fear

2. Right to Privacy and UID -

The UID system has been hit by many privacy concerns from NGOs, private individuals and others. The sharing of one's information, especially fingerprints and retinal scans to a system that is controlled by the government and is not vetted as having good security irks most people. These issues are dealt with the in the following articles.

§ India Fears of Privacy Loss Pursue Ambitious ID Project http://cis-india.org/news/india-fears-of-privacy-loss

§ Analysing the Right to Privacy and Dignity with Respect to the UID http://bit.ly/1bWFoQg

§ Analysing the Right to Privacy and Dignity with Respect to the UID http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/privacy/privacy-uiddevaprasad

§ Supreme Court order is a good start, but is seeding necessary? http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/supreme-court-order-is-a-good-start-but-is-seeding-necessary

§ Right to Privacy in Peril http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/right-to-privacy-in-peril

3. Data Flow in the UID -

The articles below deal with the manner in which data is moved around and handled in the UID system in India.

§ UIDAI Practices and the Information Technology Act, Section 43A and Subsequent Rules http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/uid-practices-and-it-act-sec-43-a-and-subsequent-rules

§ Data flow in the Unique Identification Scheme of India http://cis-india.org/internet-governance/blog/data-flow-in-unique-identification-scheme-of-india