Response to the Draft National Policy on Open Standards for e-Governance

by Sunil Abraham last modified Aug 23, 2011 03:05 AM
Pranesh Prakash, Programme Manager at the Centre for Internet and Society, authored a response to the draft Open Standards Policy document published by the National Informatics Centre, Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.

The National Informatics Centre (NIC), Department of Information Technology (DIT), Ministry of Communications and Information Technology  (MCIT) has recently published a Draft Policy on Open Standards for eGovernance. Members of the public have been invited to provide feedback to the document. The last date for feedback is 21st November 2008.

The Centre for Internet and Society has prepared a draft response to the draft policy. This response letter only deals with the policy document from the perspective of the global FLOSS movement. This is not meant to be comprehensive feedback to the document itself.

Institutional Co-signatories

  1. Richard Stallman, Founder, Free Software Foundation, USA
  2. Mishi Choudhary, Partner, Software Freedom Law Centre, USA
  3. Dr. Alvin Marcelo, Director for Southeast Asia, International Open Source Network, the Philippines
  4. Lawrence Liang, Founder, Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore, India
  5. Dr. G. Nagarjuna, Chaiman, Free Software Foundation of India, Mumbai, India
  6. Vinay Sreenivasa, Member, IT for Change, Bangalore, India

Individual Co-signatories

  1. Shahid Akhtar, Founder, International Open Source Network, Canada
  2. Denis Jaromil Rojo, Developer, Dyne, Netherlands
  3. Raj Mathur, Consultant, Kandalaya, New Delhi, India
  4. Marek Tuszynski, Founder, Tactical Technology Collective, United Kingdom


Dear Sir or Madam,

The government had done a commendable job of releasing a progressive and forward-­looking policy on the usage of open standards in e-governance.  Globally the European Union's Electronic Interoperability Framework (EIF) guidelines (version 2 of which is currently in the draft stage) is considered to be the gold standard as far as open standard policy is concerned.  The draft National Policy on Open Standards meets all of the EIF's four open standard requirements. However, there is still some room for improvement as discussed below.

While the document talks of the standard being royalty free (4.1 and 5.1.1) and without any patent­-related encumbrance (4.1), it limits those requirements "for the life time of the standard" (5.1.1), which seems a bit ambiguous and is not defined in the appendix either.  It would be preferable to make it royalty-­free for the lifetime of the patents (if any) as open archival material shouldn't one day (after the end of "life time of the standard", and before the expiry of the patents) suddenly be forced to become paid archives.  It would be desirable to make declarations of patent non­-enforcement irrevocable (as the EU EIF does), by incorporating a wording such as: "irrevocably available on a royalty­-free basis, without any patent-­related encumbrance". 

There should also be a separate provision in the "policy statement on open standards adoption in e­-governance" section of the document making explicit that there can be no restraint on use or implementation of the standard (as has been stated in the "guiding principles" section). 

Perhaps when talking of specification documents (5.1.5) the words "any restrictions" could be amended to include a few examples of what the term "any restrictions" would include.  The document could make explicit that it must be permissible for all to copy, distribute and use the specifications freely, without any cost or legal barriers. 

Sometimes private companies can interfere with the standardisation process, the document could perhaps be more explicit regarding remedial measures that could be undertaken in the event – for example use of competition law, as in the case of the EU EIF which states: "Practices distorting the definition and evolution of open standards must be addressed immediately to protect the integrity of the standardisation process." 

As it stands, the draft document addresses many notions of openness (freely accessible, at zero cost, non-­discriminatory, extensible, and without any legal hindrances, thus preventing vendor lock-­in), and there is much to applaud in it.  It has a clear implementation mechanism, with a laudable aim of establishing a monitoring agency and an Open Source Solutions Laboratory.  It is applicable not only to future e­-governance initiatives, but to existing ones as well. Furthermore, it also has an in­-built review mechanism, which is crucial given the rate of change of technologies and consequently of the requirements of the government.  Thus, the draft policy document very clearly encourages competition and innovation in the software industry and promotes the Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) movement and industry.  As researchers from UNU MERIT have pointed out, even a nominal fee for usage of a standard can lead to exclusion of open source software implementations, leading to less competition in the software industry.  Thus, all in all this draft document represents a commendable effort by the Indian government towards a sustainable and robust e­-governance structure based on open standards.  However, a few small amendments as suggested in this letter would make it an even greater guarantor of openness.

Yours sincerely,
Sunil Abraham
Director (Policy)
Centre for Internet and Society

Please download the draft response in the format you prefer.

  1. Open Office
  2. MS Office
  3. PDF