You are here: Home / Internet Governance / Blog / A comparison of the 2016 Aadhaar Bill, and the 2010 NIDAI Bill

A comparison of the 2016 Aadhaar Bill, and the 2010 NIDAI Bill

Posted by Vanya Rakesh at Mar 09, 2016 04:08 AM |
This blog post does a clause-by-clause comparison of the provisions of National Identification Authority of India Bill, 2010 and the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016
  • Title

 

2010 Bill: The Bill was titled as the National Identification Authority of India Bill, 2010.

2016 Bill : The Bill has been titled as the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016.

 

  • Purpose/Object Clause

 

2010 Bill: The purpose of Bill was stated to provide for the establishment of the National Identification Authority of India to issue identification numbers to residents of India as well as certain other classes of individuals , to facilitate access to benefits and services, to which they are entitled.

2016 Bill : The purpose of this Bill has been stated to ensure targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services to residents of India in an efficient and transparent manner by assigning unique identity numbers to such individuals.

 
  • Definitions

 
  1. 2010 Bill: “Authentication” was defined as the process in which the Aadhaar number, along with other attributes (including biometrics) are submitted to the Central Identities Data Repository for verification, done on the basis of information, data or documents available with the Repository.

    2016 Bill : “Authentication” has been defined as the process by which the Aadhaar number, along with demographic or biometric information of an individual is submitted to the Central Identities Data Repository for the purpose of verification, done on the basis of the correctness of (or lack of) information available with it.
 
  1. 2010 Bill: “Authentication Record” was not defined in the previous Bill.

    2016 Bill : “Authentication Record”  has been defined under clause 2(d)  as the record of the time of authentication, the identity of the entity requesting such record and the response provided by the Authority for this purpose. 

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Authority” was defined under clause 2(d) as National Identification Authority of India established under provisions of the Bill. 

       2016 Bill :“Authority” has been defined under clause 2(e) as Unique Identification Authority of India established under provisions of the Bill.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Benefit” was not defined in the previous Bill.  

    2016 Bill : “Benefit” has been defined under clause 2(f) as any advantage, gift, reward, relief, or payment (either in cash or kind), or such other benefits, which is provided to an

individual/ a group of individuals as notified by the Central Government.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Biometric Information” was defined under clause 2(e) as a set of biological attributes of an individual as may be specified by regulations.

    2016 Bill : “Biometric Information” has been defined under clause 2(g) as biological attributes of an individual like photograph, fingerprint, Iris scan, or other such biological

attributes as may be specified by regulations.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Core Biometric Information” was not defined in the previous Bill.

    2016 Bill : “Core Biometric Information” has been defined under clause 2(j) as biological attribute of an individual like fingerprint, Iris scan, or such other biological attribute as

may be specified by regulations.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Demographic Information” was defined under clause 2(h) as information specified in the regulations for the purpose of issuing an Aadhaar number, like information relating to the name, age, gender and address of an individual (other than race, religion, caste, tribe, ethnicity, language, income or health), and such other information.

    2016 Bill : “Demographic Information” has been defined under clause 2(k) as information of an individual as may be specified by regulations for the purpose of issuing an Aadhaar number like information relating to the name, date of birth, address and other relevant information, excluding race, religion, caste, tribe, ethnicity, language, records of entitlement, income or medical history of an individual.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Enrolling Agency” was defined under clause 2(i) as an agency appointed by the Authority or the Registrars for collecting information under the Act.

    2016 Bill : “Enrolling Agency” has been defined under clause 2(l) as an agency appointed by the Authority or a Registrar for collecting demographic and biometric information of individuals under this Act.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Member” was defined under clause 2(l) to include the Chairperson and a part-time Member of the Authority appointed under the provisions of the Bill.

    2016 Bill : “Member” has been defined under clause 2(o)  to include the Chairperson and Member of the Authority appointed under the provisions of the Bill.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Records of Entitlement” was not defined under the previous Bill.

    2016 Bill :  “Records of Entitlement” has been defined under clause 2(r) as the records of benefits, subsidies or services provided to, or availed by, any individual under any programme.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Requesting Entity” was not defined under the previous Bill.

    2016 Bill : “Requesting Entity” has been defined under clause 2(u) as an agency or person that submits information of an individual comprising of the Aadhaar number and

demographic or biometric information to the Central Identities Data Repository for the purpose of authentication.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Resident” was defined under clause 2(q) as an individual usually residing in a village, rural area, town, ward, demarcated area (demarcated by the Registrar General of Citizen Registration) within a ward in a town or urban area in India.

    2016 Bill : “Resident” has been defined under clause 2(v) as an individual who has resided in India for a period or periods amounting in all to one hundred and eighty-two days or more in the twelve months immediately preceding the date of application for enrolment.

 

  1. 2010 Bill:  “Review Committee” was defined under clause 2(r) as the Identification Review Committee constituted under the provisions of the Bill.

    2016 Bill : “Review Committee” has not been defined under the Bill.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Service” was not defined in the previous Bill.

    2016 Bill : “Service” has been defined under clause 2 (w) as any provision, facility, utility or any other assistance provided in any form to an individual or a group of individuals as may be notified by the Central Government.

 

  1. 2010 Bill: “Subsidy” was not defined in the previous Bill.

    2016 Bill : “Subsidy” has been defined under clause 2(x) as any form of aid, support, grant, subvention, or appropriation (either in cash or kind), as may be notified by the Central Government, given to an individual or a group of individuals.

 

  • Enrolment

 

  1. Aadhaar Numbers

2016 Bill : Under clause 3(2) of the Bill, it is stated that at the time of enrolment, The enrolling agency shall inform the individual undergoing enrolment the following details:

(a) the manner in which the information so collected shall be used,

(b) the nature of recipients with whom the information is intended to be shared during authentication,and

(c) the existence of a right to access information, the procedure for making such requests for access, and details of the person/department in-charge to whom such requests can be

made.

 

  1. Properties of Aadhaar Number 

2010 Bill : Clause 4 (3) stated that subject to authentication, the Aadhaar number shall be accepted as a proof of identity of the Aadhaar number holder.

2016 Bill : Clause 4 (3) states that subject to authentication, the Aadhaar number (either in physical or electronic form) shall be accepted as a proof of identity of the Aadhaar

number holder.

The Explanation under this clause states that for the purpose of this provision, “electronic form” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in section 2 (1) (r) of the Information Technology Act, 2000.

 

  • Authentication

 

  1. Proof of Aadhaar number necessary for receipt of certain subsidies, benefits and services, etc. 

2016 Bill : Under clause 7 of the Bill it is provided that for the purpose of establishing an individual's identity as a condition to receipt a a subsidy, benefit or service. the Central or State Government (as the case may be), require that such individual undergo authentication, or furnish proof of possession of Aadhaar number. In case the Aadhaar number has not been assigned to an individual, such individual must make an application for enrolment.

The Proviso states that the individual shall be offered alternate and viable means of identification for delivery of the subsidy, benefit or service, in an Aadhaar number is not assigned to an individual.

 

  1. Authentication of Aadhaar number 

2010 Bill: Clause 5 of the Bill stated that authentication of the Aadhaar number shall be performed by the Authority, in relation to the holders’ biometric and demographic information, subject to such conditions and on payment of the prescribed fees. Also, it was provided that the Authority shall respond to an authentication query with a positive, negative or other appropriate response (excluding any demographic and biometric information).

2016 Bill : The Bill states that authentication of the Aadhaar number shall be performed by the Authority, in relation to the holders’ biometric and demographic information, subject to such conditions and on payment of the prescribed fees.

Clause 8 (2) provides that unless otherwise provided in the Act, the requesting entity shall— 

  1. For the purpose of authentication, obtain the consent of an individual before collecting his identity information, and

  2. ensure that the identity information of an individual is only used for submission to the Central Identities Data Repository for authentication.

Clause 8 (3) provides that the following details shall be informed by the requesting entity to the individual submitting his identity information for the purpose of authentication: 

   a. the nature of information that may be shared upon authentication;

   b. the uses to which the information received during authentication may be put by the requesting entity; and

   c. alternatives to submission of identity information to the requesting entity.

Clause 8(4) states that the Authority shall respond to an authentication query with a positive, negative or other appropriate response (excluding any core biometric information).

 

  1. Prohibition on requiring certain information. 

2010 Bill: Clause 9 of the Bill prohibited the Authority to make an individual give information pertaining to his race, religion, caste, tribe, ethnicity, language, income or health.

2016 Bill : This provision has been removed from the 2016 Bill.

 

  • Unique Identification Authority Of India

 

  1. Establishment of Authority 

2010 Bill: Clause 11(1) of the Bill stated that the Central Government shall establish an Authority called as the National Identification Authority of India, to exercise the powers conferred on it and to perform the functions assigned to it under this Act. Also, clause 11(3) provided that the head office of the Authority shall be in the National Capital Region, referred to in section 2(f) of the National Capital Region Planning Board Act, 1985. 

2016 Bill : Clause 11(1) of the Bill states that the Central Government shall establish an Authority called as the Unique Identification Authority of India, responsible for the processes of enrolment, authentication and perform such other functions assigned to it under this Act. Also, clause 11(3) provides that the head office of the Authority shall be in New Delhi.

 

  1. Composition of Authority

2010 Bill: Clause 12 provided that the Authority shall consist of a Chairperson and two part-time Members, to be appointed by the Central Government.  

2016 Bill : Clause 12 of the Bill provides that the Authority shall consist of a Chairperson (appointed on part-time or full- time basis) , two part-time Members, and the chief executive officer (who shall be Member-Secretary of the Authority), to be appointed by the Central Government.

 

  1. Qualifications for appointment of Chairperson and Members of Authority

2010 Bill: Clause 13 provided that the Chairperson and Members of the Authority shall be persons of ability, integrity and outstanding calibre having experience and knowledge in the matters relating to technology, governance, law, development, economics, finance, management, public affairs or administration. 

2016 Bill : Clause 13 provides that the Chairperson and Members of the Authority shall be persons of ability and integrity having experience and knowledge of at least ten years in matters relating to technology, governance, law, development, economics, finance, management, public affairs or administration.

 

  1. Term of office and other conditions of service of Chairperson.

2010 Bill: Proviso to Clause 14 (1) stated that  the Chairperson of the Unique Identification Authority of India, who would have been appointed before the commencement of this Act by notification A-43011/02/2009-Admn.I (Vol.II) dated the 2nd July, 2009, shall continue as a Chairperson of the Authority for the term for which he had been appointed. Clause 14(4) prohibited the Chairperson from holding any other office during the period of holding his office in the Authority. Proviso to clause 14 (5) stated the salary, allowances and the other terms and conditions of service of the Chairperson shall not be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment. 

2016 Bill : These provisions have not been included in the Bill.

 

  1. Removal of Chairperson and Members

2010 Bill:  Clause 15 (2) stated that unless a reasonable opportunity of being heard has been duly provided, the Chairperson or a Member shall not be removed under clauses (d) or (e) of sub-section (1).

2016 Bill : Clause 15 (2) stated that unless a reasonable opportunity of being heard has been duly provided, the Chairperson or a Member shall not be removed under clauses (b), (d) or (e) of sub-section (1).

 

  1. Restrictions on Chairperson or Members on employment after cessation of office

2010 Bill: Clause 16 (a) provided that the Chairperson or a member, who ceases to hold office, shall not accept any employment in, or connected with the management or administration of, any person which has been associated with any work under the Act, for a period of three years from the date on which they cease to hold office, without previous approval of the Central Government. 

The proviso to this clause stated that this provision shall not apply to any employment under the Central Government, State Government, local authority, any statutory authority or any corporation established by or under any Central, State or provincial Act or a Government Company, as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 195.

2016 Bill: Clause 16 (a) provides that the Chairperson or a member, who ceases to hold office, shall not accept any employment in, or connected with the management of any organisation, company or any other entity which has been associated with any work done or contracted out by the Authority (whether directly or indirectly), during his tenure as Chairperson or Member, as the case may be, for a period of three years from the date on which he ceases to hold office, without previous approval of the Central Government. 

The proviso to this clause stated that this provision shall not apply to any employment under the Central Government, State Government, local authority, any statutory authority or any corporation established by or under any Central, State or provincial Act or a Government Company, as defined in clause (45) of section 2 of the Companies Act, 2013.

 

  1. Functions of Chairperson

2010 Bill: Clause 17 of the Bill provided that the Chairperson shall have powers of general superintendence, direction in the conduct of the affairs of the Authority, preside over the meetings of the Authority, and exercise and discharge such other powers and functions of the Authority as prescribed, without prejudice to any of the provisions of the Act. 

2016 Bill : Clause 17 of the Bill states that the Chairperson shall preside over the meetings of the Authority, and exercise and discharge such other powers and functions of the Authority as prescribed, without prejudice to any of the provisions of the Act.

 

  1. Chief Executive Officer

2010 Bill: Clause 20 (1) of the Bill stated that a chief executive officer, not below the rank of the Additional Secretary to the Government of India, who shall be the Member-Secretary of the Authority,shall be appointed by the Central Government.

2016 Bill : Clause 18 (1) stated that a chief executive officer, not below the rank of the Additional Secretary to the Government of India, shall be appointed by the Central Government. In the list of its responsibilities, clause 18 (2) (e) additionally provides for performing such other functions, or exercising such other powers, as may be specified by regulations.

 

  1. Meetings 

2010 Bill: Clause 18 (4) provided that all decisions of the Authority shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chairperson or any other Member who is authorised by the Authority for this purpose.

2016 Bill : Clause 19 (4) provided that all decisions of the Authority shall be signed by the Chairperson, any other Member or the Member-Secretary authorised by the Authority.

 

  1. Vacancies, etc., not to invalidate proceedings of Authority

2010 Bill: Clause 19 (b) of the Bill stated that No act or proceeding of the Authority shall be invalid merely by reason of any defect in the appointment of a person as a Member of the Authority

2016 Bill : Clause 20 (b) of the Bill stated that No act or proceeding of the Authority shall be invalid merely by reason of any defect in the appointment of a person as Chairperson or Member of the Authority

 

  1. Powers and functions of Authority

 Clause 23 (2) (k)

2010 Bill: Clause 23 (2) (k) provided that the powers and functions of the Authority may include sharing the information of Aadhaar number holders, with their written consent, with such agencies engaged in delivery of public benefits and public services as the Authority may by order direct, in a manner as specified by regulations. 

2016 Bill : Clause 23 (2) (k) provides that the powers and functions of the Authority may include sharing the information of Aadhaar number holders, subject to the provisions of this Act.

 

Clause 23 (2) (r) 

2010 Bill : Clause 23 (2) (r) stated that the powers and functions of the Authority may include specifying, by regulation, the policies and practices for Registrars, enrolling agencies and other service providers.

2016 Bill : Clause 23 (2) (r) states that the powers and functions of the Authority may include evolving of, and specifying, by regulation, the policies and practices for Registrars, enrolling agencies and other service providers.

 

  • Grants, Accounts and Audit and Annual Report

 

2010 Bill: Clause 25 provided that  the fees or revenue collected by the Authority shall be credited to the Consolidated Fund of India and the entire amount so credited be transferred to the Authority.

2016 Bill : Clause 25  states that the fees or revenue collected by the Authority shall be credited to the Consolidated Fund of India.

 

  • Identity Review Committee

 

2010 Bill: Clause 28 of the Bill provided for establishment of the Identity Review Committee, consisting of three members (including the chairperson) who are persons of eminence, ability, integrity and having knowledge and experience in the fields of technology, law, administration and governance, social service, journalism, management or social sciences. Clause 29 of the Bill enlisted several functions to be undertaken by the Review Committee so constituted.

2016 Bill: These provisions have been removed from the Bill.

 

  • Protection of Information

 

  1. Security and confidentiality of information

2010 Bill: Clause 30 (2) of the Bill stated that the Authority shall take measures (including security safeguards) to ensure security and protection of information in possession/control of the Authority (including information stored in the Central Identities Data Repository), against any loss, unauthorised access, use or unauthorised disclosure of the same.

2016 Bill : Clause 28 (3) states that  the Authority shall take measures to ensure security and protection of information in possession/control of the Authority (including information stored in the Central Identities Data Repository), against access, use or disclosure not permitted under this Act or regulations made thereunder, and against accidental or intentional destruction, loss or damage.

A new provision-clause 28(4)- states that the Authority shall undertake the following additional measures for protection of information:

(a) adopt and implement appropriate technical and organisational security measures,

(b) ensure that the agencies, consultants, advisors or other persons appointed or engaged for performing any function of the Authority under this Act, have in place appropriate technical and organisational security measures for the information, and

(c) ensure that the agreements or arrangements entered into with such agencies, consultants, advisors or other persons, impose obligations equivalent to those imposed on the Authority under this Act, and require such agencies, consultants, advisors and other persons to act only on instructions from the Authority.

 

  1. Restriction on sharing information 

2010 Bill: The Bill did not provide for restrictions on sharing of information.

2016 Bill: This new provision under Clause 29 states that no core biometric information, collected or created under this Act, shall be—

(a) shared with anyone for any reason whatsoever; or

(b) used for any purpose other than generation of Aadhaar numbers and authentication under this Act.

Also, the identity information, other than core biometric information, collected or created

under this Act may be shared only in accordance with the provisions of this Act as specified under Regulations.

Clause 29 (3) prohibits usage of identity information available with a requesting entity for any purpose, other than that specified to the individual at the time of submitting any identity information for authentication, or disclosed further, except with the prior consent of the individual to whom such information relates.

Clause 29 (4) prohibits publication, displaying or publicly posting of the Aadhaar number or core biometric information collected or created under this Act in respect of an Aadhaar number holder, except for the purposes as may prescribed in Law.

 

  1. Biometric information deemed to be sensitive personal information.

 2010 Bill: The Bill did not contain provisions stating that the biometric information shall be deemed to be sensitive personal information for the purpose of this Act. 

2016 Bill: Clause 30 states that the biometric information collected and stored in electronic form shall be deemed to be “electronic record” and “sensitive personal data or information”, and the provisions contained in the Information Technology Act, 2000 and the rules made thereunder shall apply to such information,to the extent not in derogation of the provisions of this Act.

 The Explanation defines

(a) “electronic form” - as defined under section 2 (1) (r)  of the Information Technology Act, 2000,

(b) “electronic record” as defined under section 2 (1) (t)  of the Information Technology Act, 2000

(c)“sensitive personal data or information” - as defined under clause (iii) of the

Explanation to section 43A of the Information Technology Act, 2000.

 

  1. Security and confidentiality of information

2010 Bill: Clause 30 (2) of the Bill stated that the Authority shall take measures (including security safeguards) to ensure security and protection of information in possession/control of the Authority (including information stored in the Central Identities Data Repository), against any loss, unauthorised access, use or unauthorised disclosure of the same.

2016 Bill : Clause 28 (3) states that  the Authority shall take measures to ensure security and protection of information in possession/control of the Authority (including information stored in the Central Identities Data Repository), against access, use or disclosure not permitted under this Act or regulations made thereunder, and against accidental or intentional destruction, loss or damage.

A new provision-clause 28(4)- states that the Authority shall undertake the following additional measures for protection of information:

(a) adopt and implement appropriate technical and organisational security measures,

(b) ensure that the agencies, consultants, advisors or other persons appointed or engaged for performing any function of the Authority under this Act, have in place appropriate technical and organisational security measures for the information, and

(c) ensure that the agreements or arrangements entered into with such agencies, consultants, advisors or other persons, impose obligations equivalent to those imposed on the Authority under this Act, and require such agencies, consultants, advisors and other persons to act only on instructions from the Authority.

 

  1. Alteration of demographic information or biometric information. 

2016 Bill : Clause 31 (4) prohibits alteration of identity information in the Central Identities Data Repository, except in the manner provided in this Act or regulations made thereof.

 

  1. Access to own information and records of requests for authentication.

2016 Bill : Clause 32 (3) provides that the Authority shall not collect, keep or maintain any information about the purpose of authentication, either by itself or through any entity under its control.

 

  1. Disclosure of information in certain cases 

2010 Bill: The provision creates an exception under Clause 33 for the purposes of disclosure of information in certain cases like disclosure (including identity information or details of authentication) made pursuant to an order of a competent court; or disclosure (including identity information) made in the interests of national security in pursuance of directions issued by an officer(s) not below the rank of Joint Secretary or equivalent in the Central Government specifically authorised in this behalf by an order of the Central Government.

2016 Bill : The provision creates an exception under Clause 33 for the purposes of disclosure of information in certain cases like disclosure (including identity information or details of authentication) made pursuant to an order not inferior to that of a District Judge (provided that the court order shall be made only after giving an opportunity of hearing to the Authority); or disclosure (including identity information or authentication records) made in the interests of national security in pursuance of directions issued by an officer not below the rank of Joint Secretary to the Government of India, authorised in this behalf by an order of the Central Government.

The proviso to Clause 33 (2) states that every direction so issued shall be reviewed by an Oversight Committee consisting of the Cabinet Secretary and the Secretaries to the Government of India in the Department of Legal Affairs and the Department of Electronics and Information Technology, before it takes effect.

The second proviso states that any such direction so issued shall be valid for a period of three months from the date of its issue, which may be extended for a further period of three months after the review by the Oversight Committee.

 

  • Offences and Penalties

 

  1. Penalty for impersonation at time of enrolment. 

2010 Bill: The penalty for impersonation was prescribed under Clause 34  as imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees.

2016 Bill : The penalty for impersonation was prescribed under Clause 34  as imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees, or both.

 

  1. Penalty for unauthorised access to the Central Identities Data Repository

2010 Bill: Clause 38 (g) stated that any person not authorised by the Authority,  provides any assistance to any person to do any of the acts mentioned under sub-clauses (a)-(f) shall be punishable. If anyone, who is not authorised by the Authority, performs any activity as listed under (a)-(i), shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall be liable to a fine which shall not be less than one crore rupees.

2016 Bill : Clause 38 (g) stated that any person not authorised by the Authority,  reveals any information in contravention of sub-section section 28 (5), or shares, uses or displays information in contravention of section 29 or assists any person in any of the acts mentioned under sub-clauses (a)-(f) shall be punishable. If anyone, who is not authorised by the Authority, performs any activity as listed under (a)-(i), shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall be liable to a fine which shall not be less than ten lakh rupees. Additionally, the Explanation states that the expression “computer source code” shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Explanation to section 65 of the Information Technology Act, 2000.

 

  1. Penalty for unauthorised use by requesting entity and noncompliance with intimation requirements

2010 Bill: Clause 40 of the Bill prescribed penalty for manipulating biometric information and stated that a person who gives/attempts to give any biometric information which does not pertain to him for the purpose of getting an Aadhaar number, authentication or updating his information, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with a fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both.

2016 Bill:  Clause 40 prescribes penalty for a person, being a requesting entity, uses the identity information of an individual in contravention of clause 8(3) , to be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three years or with a fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or, in the case of a company, with a fine which may extend to one lakh rupees or with both. Clause 41 of the Bill states that Whoever, being an enrolling agency or a requesting entity, fails to comply with the requirements of clause 3(2)-list of details to be informed to the individual undergoing enrolment, and clause 8(3)-informing individual undergoing enrolment details for the purpose of authentication, shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to one year, or with a fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or, in the case of a company, with a fine which may extend to one lakh rupees or with both.

 

  1. General Penalty

2010 Bill: For an offence committed under the Act or rules made thereunder, for which no specific penalty was provided, the penalty was prescribed as imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or fine as prescribed.

2016 Bill  : For an offence committed under the Act or rules made thereunder, for which no specific penalty was provided, the penalty was prescribed as imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or fine as prescribed.

 

  • Miscellaneous

 

  1. Power of Central Government to supersede Authority.

2010 Bill: Clause 47(1)(c) stated that if at any time the Central Government is of the opinion that such circumstances exist which render it necessary in the public interest to supersede the Authority, may do so in the manner prescribed under this provision.

2016 Bill : Clause 48(1)(c) states that if at any time the Central Government is of the opinion that a public emergency exists, then the Central Government may supersede the Authority, in the manner prescribed under this provision.

 

  1. Power to remove difficulties.

2010 Bill: The proviso to Clause 56(1) stated that an no order by Central Government, which may appear necessary to remove a difficulty in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, shall be made under this section after the expiry of two years from the commencement of this Act.

2016 Bill : The proviso to Clause 58(1) stated that an no order by Central Government, which may appear necessary to remove a difficulty in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, shall be made under this section after the expiry of three years from the commencement of this Act.

 

  1. Savings

2010 Bill: Clause 57 provided that any action taken by the Central Government under the Resolution of the Government of India, Planning Commission bearing notification number A-43011/02/ 2009-Admin.I, dated the 28th January, 2009, shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act.

2016 Bill : Clause 59 states that any action take by Central Government under  the Resolution of the Government of India, Planning Commission bearing notification number A-43011/02/2009-Admin. I, dated the 28th January, 2009, or by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology under the Cabinet Secretariat Notification bearing notification number S.O. 2492(E), dated the 12th September, 2015, as the case may be, shall be deemed to have been validly done or taken under this Act.

 

  • Statement of Objects and Reasons

 

2010 Bill: The Bill stated that the Central Government decided to issues  unique identification numbers to all residents in India, which involves collection of demographic, as well as biometric information.  The Unique Identification Authority of India was constituted as an executive body by the Government, vide its notification dated the 28th January, 2009. The Bill addressed and enlisted several issues with the issuance of  unique identification numbers which should be addressed by law and attract penalties, such as security and confidentiality of information, imposition of obligation of disclosure of information so collected in certain cases, impersonation at the time of enrolment, unauthorised access to the Central Identities Data Repository, manipulation of biometric information, investigation of certain acts constituting offence, and unauthorised disclosure of the information collected for the purposes of issuance of the numbers. To make the said Authority a statutory one, the National Identification Authority of India Bill, 2010 was proposed to establish the National Identification Authority of India to issue identification numbers and authenticate the Aadhaar number to facilitate access to benefits and services to such individuals to which they are entitled and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.Apart from the above mentioned purposes, The National Identification Authority of India Bill, 2010 also seeks to provide for the Authority to exercise powers and discharge functions so prescribed , ensure that the Authority does not require any individual to give information pertaining to his race, religion, caste, tribe, ethnicity, language, income or health, may engage entities to establish and maintain the Central Identities Data Repository and to perform any other functions as may be specified by regulations, constitute the  Identity Review Committee and take measures to ensure that the information in the possession or control of the Authority is secured and protected against any loss, unauthorised access or use or unauthorised disclosure thereof.

2016 Bill: The Bill states that correct identification of targeted beneficiaries for delivery of subsidies, services, frants, benefits, etc has become a challenge for the Government and has proved to be a major hindrance for successful implementation of these programmes. In the absence of a credible system to authenticate identity of beneficiaries, it is difficult to ensure that the subsidies, benefits and services reach to intended beneficiaries. The Unique Identification Authority of India was established by a resolution of the Government of India, Planning Commission vide notification number A-43011/02/ 2009-Admin.I, dated the 28th January, 2009, to lay down policies and implement the Unique Identification Scheme of the Government, by which residents of India were to be provided unique identity number. Upon successful authentication, this number would serve as proof of identity for identification of beneficiaries for transfer of benefits, subsidies, services and other purposes. With increased use of the Aadhaar number, steps to ensure security of such information need to be taken and offences pertaining to certain unlawful actions, created. It has been felt that the processes of enrolment, authentication, security, confidentiality and use of Aadhaar related information must be made statutory. For this purpose, the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016 seeks to provide for issuance of Aadhaar numbers to individuals on providing his demographic and biometric information to the Unique Identification Authority of India, requiring Aadhaar numbers for identifying an individual for delivery of benefits, subsidies, and services, authentication of the Aadhaar number, establishment of the Unique Identification Authority of India, maintenance and updating the information of individuals in the Central Identities Data Repository, state measures pertaining to security, privacy and confidentiality of information in possession or control of the Authority including information stored in the Central Identities Data Repository and identify offences and penalties for contravention of relevant statutory provisions.

 

 

Document Actions