NETmundial Transcript Archive

Posted by Pranesh Prakash at Apr 23, 2014 02:31 PM |
We are archiving the live transcript from the NETmundial meeting (April 23-24, 2014).

NETmundial Day 1


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>***LIVE SCRIBING BY BREWER & DARRENOUGUE - WWW.QUICKTEXT.COM***
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>>> LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, GOOD MORNING. IN SOME MINUTES WE WILL HAVE OUR OPENING SESSION OF OUR GLOBAL MULTISTAKEHOLDER MEETING ON THE FUTURE OF THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE. PLEASE TURN OFF YOUR MOBILE PHONES OR TURN THEM INTO VIBRATING. PLEASE TAKE YOUR SEATS. OR SHUT IT OFF. THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
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>>> LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, PLEASE TAKE YOUR SEATS AND PLEASE TURN OFF YOUR MOBILE PHONES OR SET THEM INTO SILENT MODE. IN SOME MINUTES, WE ARE GOING TO START OUR OPENING CEREMONY OF OUR GLOBAL MULTISTAKEHOLDER MEETING ON THE FUTURE GOVERNANCE OF THE INTERNET.
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>>> PLEASE TAKE YOUR SEATS AND TURN OFF YOUR MOBILE PHONES OR SET THEM INTO SILENT MODE. IN A FEW MINUTES, WE WILL START OUR OPENING CEREMONY OF THE GLOBAL MULTISTAKEHOLDER MEETING ON THE FUTURE OF INTERNET GOVERNANCE.
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>>> LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, IN SOME MINUTES WE WILL START OFF THE OPENING CEREMONY OF THE GLOBAL MULTISTAKEHOLDER MEETING ON THE FUTURE OF INTERNET GOVERNANCE.
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>[MUSIC ] >> THIS IS MY INTERNET.
>>> THIS IS MY INTERNET.
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>>> LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, THE PRESIDENT OF BRAZIL, HER EXCELLENCY DILMA ROUSSEFF. THE CHAIRMAN OF NETmundial, VIRGILIO ALMEIDA, AND THE MIKE RODENBAUGH OF SAO PAULO, THE COO OF ICANN, FADI CHEHADE, AND THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE TECHNICAL SECTOR AND CREATOR OF THE WEB, TIM BERNERS-LEE. REPRESENTATIVE OF THE PRIVATE SECRETARY AND VICE PRESIDENT OF GOOGLE, VINT CERF, AND THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE -- OF CIVIL SOCIETY, COFOUNDER, NNENNA NWAKANMA.
>[APPLAUSE ] >> WE ARE STARTING OFF THIS EFFORT AND WE ARE GOING TO LISTEN TO THE NATIONAL ANTHEM OF BRAZIL.
>[ PLAYING OF NATIONAL ANTHEM. ] [APPLAUSE ] >> WE ARE GOING TO LISTEN TO THE WORDS OF THE MINISTER OF COMMUNICATIONS, PAULO BERNARDO.
>>>PAULO BERNARDO SILVA: GOOD MORNING, HER EXCELLENCY DILMA ROUSSEFF, MEMBERS HERE AND PARTICIPANTS OF THIS MEETING.
>LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, WELCOME TO BRAZIL AND TO NETmundial. WE ARE VERY PROUD AND FEEL VERY RESPONSIBLE FOR RECEIVING YOU IN SAO PAULO.
>ALL OF YOU WHO CARE ABOUT INTERNET IN THE FUTURE HAVE REASONS FOR BEING PLEASED WITH WHAT WE ARE GOING TO DO TODAY.
>THIS MEETING IS THE CONCRETIZATION OF ALL OUR WISHES. WE NEEDED AN ADEQUATE ENVIRONMENT FOR THIS TO BE VOICED. WE BELIEVE THAT NETmundial IS THIS ENVIRONMENT WE NEED. FREE PARTICIPANTIVE AND PLURAL, AS WELL AS THE INTERNET WE BELIEVE IN.
>AND THIS IS SO BECAUSE THE CONCERN THAT GETS US TOGETHER IS GREATER THAN THE CONCERNS OF EACH PARTY. WE ARE DISCUSSING THIS INTERNET AROUND THIS TABLE OR OTHERWISE WE WILL HAVE NO FUTURE FOR THE INTERNET FROM THE VERY FIRST MOMENT, THE DIFFERENT STAKEHOLDERS GOT INVOLVED IN THE ORGANIZATION OF THIS EVENT AND THE PROOF OF THIS ENVIRONMENT IS HERE IN THE GREAT DIVERSITY OF CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED.
>WE ALSO HAVE HERE MANY AUTHORITIES AND PARTICIPANTS. WE'D LIKE TO THANK EACH ONE OF YOU AND CONGRATULATE EACH ONE OF YOU FROM DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. WE'RE ALL PROTAGONISTS OF AN HISTORICAL MOMENT AND TODAY WHAT WE HAVE BEFORE US IS A CHALLENGE TO MAKE THE MOST FOR ALL THE DIFFERENT OPINIONS IN FAVOR OF A UNIQUE PATH.
>THIS PATH HAS A VERY STRAIGHT SENSE OF ORIENTATION, A FREE AND UNFRAGMENTED INTERNET. THAT'S THE BEST WE CAN HAVE, THE CAPACITY TO CONNECT, TO MOBILIZE, TO INNOVATE, TO CREATE RICHNESS OF CULTURE OR WHATEVER, AND RESPECT THE LINKS. SO INTERNET BEING RULED BY MORE PEOPLE COULD REACH MORE PEOPLE IN THE WORLD.
>SO I WISH THAT WHEN WE LEAVE SAO PAULO, WE CAN 81BRATE A NEW AND PROMISSORY BEGINNING. THIS IS OUR RESPONSIBILITY HERE, AND THANK YOU VERY MUCH. AND HAVE A GOOD MEETING. THANK YOU.
>[APPLAUSE ] >> NOW, MR. HONKING, SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS FOR BUSINESS MATTERS WILL DELIVER HIS MESSAGE FROM THE SECRETARY-GENERAL, BAN KI-MOON.
>>>WU HONGBO: YOUR EXCELLENCY, PRESIDENT ROUSSEFF, DISTINGUISHED MINISTERS, EXCELLENCIES, DISTINGUISHED DELEGATES, COLLEAGUES, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN.
>I'M HONORED TO BE HERE WITH YOU FOR THIS IMPORTANT EVENT. IT IS MY GREAT PLEASURE TO DELIVER A MESSAGE ON BEHALF OF THE UNITED NATIONS SECRETARY-GENERAL, MR. BAN KI-MOON.
>HERE I QUOTE: I THANK THE GOVERNMENT OF BRAZIL FOR HOSTING THE NETmundial MEETING, AND I COMMEND THIS GLOBAL MULTISTAKEHOLDER NATURE. ONLY THROUGH INCLUSIVE AND BOTTOM-UP PARTICIPATION WE BE ABLE TO FOSTER AN ACCESSIBLE, OPEN, SECURE, AND TRUSTWORTHY INTERNET.
>THE INTERNET IS TRANSFORMING SOCIETIES IN ALL REGIONS. IT IS THE BACKBONE OF OUR GLOBAL ECONOMY AND AN ESSENTIAL VEHICLE FOR DISSEMINATING INFORMATION AND IDEAS.
>ONE-THIRD OF THE PEOPLE NOW HAVE ACCESS TO THE INTERNET AND THE KNOWLEDGE AND THE TOOLS IT PROVIDES. INCREASING NUMBER OF PEOPLE NOW HAVE A PLATFORM TO VOICE THEIR OPINIONS AND PARTICIPATE IN SOCIETY FROM COMMERCE TO DEMOCRATIC DECISION-MAKING. THAT IS WHY IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT INTERNET GOVERNANCE POLICIES CONTINUE TO FOSTER FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND THE FREE FLOW OF INFORMATION.
>THE INTERNET AND THE INFORMATION SOCIETY HOLD TREMENDOUS PROMISE FOR THE POST-2015 DEVELOPMENT AGENDA.
>THE INTERNET CAN STRENGTHEN EFFORTS TO ERADICATE POVERTY, ADDRESS INEQUALITY, AND PROTECT AND RENEW THE PLANET'S RESOURCES.
>BUT REALIZING THE PROMISE MEANS EXPANDING INTERNET ACCESS TO NEARLY 1.3 BILLION PEOPLE WHO CURRENTLY LACK IT.
>MOST ARE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND THERE ARE SIGNIFICANT GENDER GAPS.
>INTERNET GOVERNANCE MUST, THEREFORE, WORK TO BRIDGE THE DIGITAL DIVIDE THROUGH INCLUSIVE RIGHTS-BASED POLICIES.
>INTERNET GOVERNANCE SHOULD AIM FOR UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO AN INTEROPERABLE, GLOBALLY CONNECTED, AND SAFE ONLINE SPACE.
>TO THIS END, THE PRINCIPLES OF THE WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY REMAIN RELEVANT.
>THE UNITED NATIONS INVITES ALL STAKEHOLDERS TO JOIN IN THE ONGOING SUMMIT REVIEW PROCESS.
>CONFIDENCE IN THE INTERNET AND ITS GOVERNANCE IS VITAL. IF IT IS TO BE EFFECTIVELY CONTRIBUTING TO THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.
>IN THIS CONNECTION, I WISH TO INFORM THE MEETING I INTEND TO APPOINT AMBASSADOR JANIS KARKLINS OF LATVIA AS THE CHAIR OF THE MULTISTAKEHOLDER ADVISORY GROUP OF THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM.
>[APPLAUSE ] >>WU HONGBO: I COUNT ON MR. KARKLINS TO PROMOTE A STRENGTHENED INTERNET GOVERNANCE THROUGH BROADER PARTICIPATION, NOT ONLY BY GOVERNMENTS BUT ALSO THE PRIVATE SECTOR AND CIVIL SOCIETY, INCLUDING THE ACADEMIC AND THE TECHNICAL COMMUNITIES.
>BUILDING CONSENSUS ON THE ROADMAP FOR THE FUTURE OF INTERNET GOVERNANCE IS CRUCIAL. THIS NETmundial IS AN IMPORTANT MILESTONE. I WISH YOU A PRODUCTIVE MEETING. UNQUOTE.
>THANK YOU VERY MUCH ON BEHALF OF UNITED NATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS, UNDESA. I WOULD LIKE TO THANK BRAZIL AND THE BRAZILIAN INTERNET STEERING COMMITTEE FOR NOT ONLY HOSTING THIS IMPORTANT MEETING, BUT ALSO FOR BEING CONSISTENT SUPPORTERS OF INTERNET GOVERNMENT FORUM. THE IGF COMMUNITY LOOKS FORWARD TO RUNNING TO BRAZIL FOR THE SECOND TIME FOR THE 10TH IGF IN 2015.
>THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
>[APPLAUSE ] >> NOW, WE ARE GOING TO LISTEN TO MS. NNENNA NWAKANMA, A REPRESENTATIVE OF CIVIL SOCIETY AND CONTRIBUTOR OF THE OPEN SOURCE FOUNDATION OF AFRICA.
>[APPLAUSE ] >>NNENNA NWAKANMA: OOH-LA-LA. YOUR EXCELLENCIES, COLLEAGUES, PRESENT AND REMOTE LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, (NON-ENGLISH WORD OR PHRASE). MY NAME IS I COME FROM THE INTERNET. I ALSO COME FROM DIVERSE CIVIL SOCIETY TEAMS AND NETWORKS, ONE OF WHICH IS THE TEAM THAT WORKS WITH THE WORLD WIDE WEB FOUNDATION.
>AT THE WEB FOUNDATION, WE ARE ENGAGED IN THE ALLIANCE FOR AFFORDABLE INTERNET. WE'RE ENGAGED IN THE WEB INDEX AND OPEN DATA INITIATIVES. ONE THING I DO FOR A LIVING IS TO ESTABLISH THE OPEN WEB AS A GLOBAL PUBLIC GOOD AND A BASIC RIGHT, ENSURING THAT EVERYONE CAN ACCESS AND USE IT FREELY. THAT'S WHAT I DO.
>I ALSO BELONG TO THE (INDISCERNIBLE) CIVIL SOCIETY PLATFORM, THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE CAUCUS FOR THE PAST 12 YEARS, AND THE AFRICA INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM.
>SO FOR ME, NETmundial, IN CONVENING US TO TAKE A CRITICAL LOOK AT THE PRINCIPLES AND ROADMAP FOR THE FUTURE OF THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE AVAILS ME WITH AN OPPORTUNITY TO RAISE THREE KEY ISSUES.
>THE FIRST ISSUE IS ACCESS.
>AS MUCH AS TWO-THIRDS OF THE WORLD'S POPULATION IS NOT YET CONNECTED TO THE INTERNET. THE PENETRATION RATES IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES AVERAGE AROUND 31%, BUT IN AFRICA WHERE I COME FROM, WE ARE ABOUT 16%.
>IN THE WORLD'S 49 LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, OVER 90% OF THE POPULATION ARE STILL NOT ONLINE.
>WE HAVE 1 BILLION PEOPLE LIVING WITH DISABILITY, AND 80% OF THESE LIVE IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. EACH ONE OF THESE DESERVE ACCESS.
>ACCESS TO INFORMATION, ACCESS TO LIBRARIES, ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE, AND ACCESS TO AFFORDABLE INTERNET.
>MY SECOND ISSUE IS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC JUSTICE.
>THE INTERNET IS FAST BECOMING THE DOMINANT MEANS OF WEALTH CREATION, SO THE RIGHTS TO DEVELOPMENT, I THINK, SHOULD INCLUDE SOCIAL JUSTICE.
>FOR ME, IT IS NOT ENOUGH TO DO A SUPERFICIAL CAPACITY-BUILDING JUST FOR A FEW PERSONS. I'M LOOKING FOR THE MECHANISM THAT ALLOWS THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF PERSONS TO BE INCLUDED, THE LARGEST NUMBER OF VOICES TO BE HEARD, THE WIDEST EXTENT OF ACCESS TO INNOVATION, AND THE DEEPEST CREATIVITY FOR THE HUMAN MIND TO FLOURISH.
>FOR THIS, I THINK WE NEED TO START CONSIDERING THE INTERNET AS PUBLIC COMMENTS.
>MY THIRD ISSUE IS HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOM.
>NOW I WILL INVITE YOU TO LISTEN THROUGH MY VOICE TO SOMEONE THAT I GREATLY RESPECT.
>THIS PERSON IS A "SHE." SHE WAS SPEAKING AT THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY IN NEW YORK ON THE 25TH OF SEPTEMBER RAFT YEAR. DO YOU WANT TO HEAR WHAT SHE SAID?
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>>>NNENNA NWAKANMA: SHE SAID, "I CANNOT BUT DEFEND IN AN UNCOMPROMISING FASHION THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY OF INDIVIDUALS. IN THE ABSENCE OF THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY, THERE CAN BE NO TRUE FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND OPINION AND THERE IS NO EFFECTIVE DEMOCRACY." AND THAT WAS DILMA ROUSSEFF.
>[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >>NNENNA NWAKANMA: OKAY. THANK YOU. RIGHT. LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, IN LOOKING FORWARD TOWARDS THE ROADMAP, I ALSO NEED TO RAISE THREE KEY ISSUES.
>MY FIRST ISSUE IS PARTICIPATION. WHEN WE STARTED, WE KICKED OFF WITH THE BASIC UNDERSTANDING THAT ALL STAKEHOLDERS HAVE A PLACE, A ROLE, A CONTRIBUTION.
>BUT AS WE'VE MOVED FURTHER DOWN THE LINE, THE IDEA OF MULTISTAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT IS GETTING MUDDLED AND IT'S LOSING A BIT OF ITS MEANING, SO I WOULD REQUEST THAT WE GO BACK TO THE DRAWING BOARD AND WE REVISIT IT, AND IF IT NEEDS TO UPGRADE, PLEASE LET'S DO THAT.
>BECAUSE WE NEED TO ENGAGE ALL STAKEHOLDERS AT A GLOBAL, REGIONAL, AND NATIONAL LEVELS.
>WE NEED TO ESTABLISH RESPECT AND VALUE FOR ALL CONTRIBUTIONS COMING FROM ALL STAKEHOLDERS, AND WE NEED MEANINGFUL PARTICIPATION FROM INDIVIDUALS COMING FROM DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS.
>MY SECOND ISSUE IS RESOURCES.
>HOW DO WE ENSURE THAT RESOURCES ARE MOBILIZED AND MAINTAINED FOR A VIABLE INTERNET GOVERNANCE MECHANISM?
>THE QUESTION IS NOT JUST AT THE GLOBAL LEVEL. IT'S AT CONTINENTAL, REGIONAL, AND EVEN NATIONAL LEVELS.
>WHO'S RESOURCES ARE WE GOING TO COMMIT?
>MY FIRST THOUGHT IS THAT THE INTERNET SHOULD BE ABLE TO PROVIDE RESOURCES FOR ITS OWN GOVERNANCE. MAYBE PART OF THE DOMAIN NAME FEES SHOULD BE REINVESTED IN THIS AREA.
>[APPLAUSE ]
>>>NNENNA NWAKANMA: NOW, MY THIRD ISSUE IS CHANGE.
>NETmundial IS OFFERING US A GREAT OPPORTUNITY FOR CHANGE. CHANGE FROM ONE STAKEHOLDER HIJACKING THE PROCESS TO AN OPEN AND INCLUSIVE PROCESS. CHANGE FROM ONE OFFICIAL ISSUING ORDERS TO COLLABORATION. CHANGE FROM JUST REPORTS TO REAL TRANSPARENCY.
>CHANGE FROM POWER TO ACCOUNTABILITY. CHANGE FROM MONOLOGUES TO DIALOGUES AND DEBATES. CHANGE FROM THE RHETORIC OF CYBER-WAR TO THE NOTION OF INTERNET FOR PEACE. CHANGE FROM CYBER-THREATS TO DIGITAL SOLIDARITY. AND I DO BELIEVE THAT ALL OF THESE PRINCIPLES WILL ALSO GUIDE US IN IANA TRANSITION.
>LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, THERE IS ONE MESSAGE I MUST LEAVE WITH YOU TODAY, IT IS THE MESSAGE OF TRUST.
>WE'RE IN BRAZIL BECAUSE WE TRUST THE PERSON OF DILMA ROUSSEFF. WE ARE HERE BECAUSE WE TRUST THE NETmundial PROCESS. WE TRUST THE MULTISTAKEHOLDER APPROACH OF BRAZIL IN ITS OWN IGF, AND WE HAVE FOLLOWED THE STORY OF MARCO CIVIL AND I WANT TO SEE CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL BRAZILIANS ON THIS.
>[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >>NNENNA NWAKANMA: HANG ON. HANG ON. HANG ON.
>THE TRUST THAT WE HAVE IN BRAZIL IS NEEDED AT ALL LEVELS. BUT THIS TRUST HAS BEEN DESTROYED BY THE COLLECTION, PROCESSING, AND INTERCEPTION OF OUR COMMUNICATIONS.
>[APPLAUSE ] >>NNENNA NWAKANMA: YES. SURVEILLANCE ON INTERNET SECURITY AND OUR TRUST IN ALL PERSONAL BUSINESS AND DIPLOMATIC COMMUNICATIONS. THAT'S WHY WE SAY "NO." THE WEB WE CAN TRUST, THAT IS THE WEB WE WANT. THE WEB THAT CONTRIBUTES TO PEACE, THAT IS THE WEB WE WANT. THE WEB THAT IS OPEN AND INCLUSIVE, THAT IS THE WEB WE WANT. THE WEB OF OPPORTUNITIES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE, THAT IS WHY I AM HERE.
>LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, NETmundial, I THINK, IS THE WORLD CUP OF INTERNET GOVERNANCE. WE NEED A ROBUST STADIUM THAT CAN HOLD US. THAT IS INFRASTRUCTURE. WE NEED TO ENJOY THE GAME. THAT IS PARTICIPATION. WE SHOULD NOT DISCRIMINATE. THAT IS NET NEUTRALITY. EVERYBODY'S FREE TO SUPPORT THEIR TEAM. I SUPPORT (SAYING NAME) OF NIGERIA. THAT IS FREEDOM. I SUPPORT BRAZIL AS LONG AS THEY ARE NOT PLAYING AGAINST AFRICA, ANYWAY.
>[LAUGHTER ] >>NNENNA NWAKANMA: WE NEED TO BE ABLE TO WEAR OUR COSTUMES AS FANS AND THAT IS DIVERSITY. AND MOST IMPORTANTLY, WE NEED TO KNOW THE RULES OF THE GAME AND PLAY BY IT. THAT, FOR ME, IS TRANSPARENCY.
>SO IT'S NOT GOING TO BE ABOUT POWER AND CONTROL FOR GOVERNMENTS. IT'S NOT GOING TO BE JUST INTEREST FOR THE INDUSTRY. IT'S NOT GOING TO BE NAMES AND NUMBERS FOR TECHNICAL COMMUNITY. IT'S NOT GOING TO BE FOR OR AGAINST FOR CIVIL SOCIETY. I THINK THAT WE NEED HUMILITY. THE HUMILITY TO LISTEN TO DIVERSE VOICES IS ESSENTIAL FOR AN AUTHENTIC DIALOGUE. LET US TALK TO EACH OTHER AND NOT AT EACH OTHER. BECAUSE SOMETIMES WE CAN BE SO DROWNED IN OUR OWN VOICES THAT WE DO NOT HEAR THE OTHER STAKEHOLDERS.
>JUST BEFORE I SIT DOWN, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, TOMORROW IS GIRLS IN ICT DAY, SO I'M GOING TO SPEAK TO LADIES.
>GIRLS, IT IS UP TO US TO SEIZE THE OPPORTUNITY THAT THE INTERNET HAS GIVEN US. LET'S SEIZE IT AND LET'S ROCK THE WORLD! LET US GET WOMEN ONLINE. LET US GET US ONLINE.
>AND THIS, I WANT TO SAY A SPECIAL TRIBUTE TO ALL THE GIRLS IN MY WORLD FOUNDATION TEAM. ALEXANDRA IS HERE, RENAT AVILA, SONIA GEORGE, ANGELA, AND NOT JUST NETmundial BUT GIRLS ACROSS THE WORLD WORK ON THE INTERNET EVERY DAY. DEBORAH BROWN IS IN THE U.S. MARION FRANKLIN IS IN EUROPE. ANNA IS IN INDIA, (SAYING NAME) IS IN LATIN AMERICA HERE, (SAYING NAME) IS IN AFRICA, JOY LID I COT IS IN NEW ZEALAND, AND SALANIETA IS SOMEWHERE IN THE ISLANDS OF FIJI. GREAT WOMEN WHO DO THIS WORK. AND EVEN HERE IN BRAZIL, WE HAVE GREAT LADIES. ONE IS (SAYING NAME) AND THE OTHER IS (SAYING NAME) BUT COME ON, IT'S NOT JUST ABOUT WOMEN. THERE ARE GUYS, MEN, WHO WORK EVERY DAY, WHO PUT IN THE ENERGY, WHO PUT IN THEIR LIFE, WHO PUT IN ALL THEY HAVE, PUT IN THEIR EXPERTISE, SO THAT WE CAN HAVE A GLOBAL, TRUE, OPEN AND RESILIENT. AND TO ALL OF US WHO LOVE THE INTERNET AND TO ALL OF US WHO ARE HERE AND TO SOMEONE CALLED EDWARD, EDWARD SNOWDEN, THANK YOU.
>[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ]
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>>>VINT CERF: PRESIDENT DILMA ROUSSEFF, EXCELLENCIES, DISTINGUISHED GUESTS, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, IT IS AN HONOR AND A PRIVILEGE TO PARTICIPATE IN NETmundial. THIS DIALOGUE IS TIMELY AND MUCH NEEDED AS THE INTERNET CELEBRATES THE 40th YEAR OF ITS PUBLIC UNVEILING AND THE 31st YEAR OF ITS OPERATION. IN MAY 1974, THE DESIGN OF THE INTERNET WAS PUBLISHED IN THE IE EX-E PUBLICATIONS. ROBERT KAHN AND I FELT STRONGLY THE DESIGN AND THE PROTOCOLS OF THE INTERNET NEEDED TO BE FREELY AND OPENLY AVAILABLE TO ANY INTERESTED PARTIES AND WITHOUT ANY BARRIERS TO ADOPTION AND USE.
>OVER FOUR DECADES BY WORKING TOGETHER AND INCLUDING THE EXPERIENCES GATHERED FROM OTHER GLOBAL NETWORK EXERCISES, AN INFORMAL COALITION HAS BUILT FROM THE BOTTOM UP THE SUCCESSFUL, FREE AND OPEN INTERNET AND THE POPULAR WORLDWIDE WEB. SOME 3 BILLION PEOPLE ARE ALREADY ONLINE WORKING TOGETHER TOWARDS GROWTH IN A POWERFUL ECONOMIC ENGINE AND POSITIVE SOCIAL FORCE.
>THIS INTERNET GOVERNANCE MEETING COMES AT A TIME WHEN THE INTERNET AND ITS USE REFLECTS THE FULL RANGE OF INTERESTS OF A GLOBAL AND INCREASINGLY ONLINE SOCIETY.
>IN ADDITION TO APPRECIATING THE ENORMOUS BENEFITS ALREADY OBTAINED THROUGH THE COOPERATIVE CREATION, DISCOVERING AND SHARING OF INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET, IT IS ALSO APPARENT THAT USERS AND GOVERNMENTS ARE BECOMING CONCERNED ABOUT POTENTIAL HARMS THAT MAY BE ENCOUNTERED IN THIS DIGITAL WORLD.
>A SMALL FRACTION OF THE INTERNET'S USERS DELIBERATELY SEEK TO BENEFIT THEMSELVES AT THE EXPENSE OF OTHERS OR JUST SEEK TO DO DAMAGE THROUGH A KIND OF DIGITAL VANDALISM, AS ALSO HAPPENS OFFLINE.
>MOREOVER, IT IS APPARENT THAT THE RICH SOCIAL NETWORKING APPLICATIONSES THAT ARE RAPIDLY PROLIFERATING ALSO HAVE A POLITICAL POTENTIAL THAT MAY BE ALARMING TO SOME REGIMES.
>GOVERNMENTS UNDERSTANDABLY SEEK WAYS TO DEFEND THE GENERAL PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS AGAINST HARM, SUCH AS FRAUD, MALWARE, IDENTITY THEFT AND BULLYING. OTHERS VIOLATE HUMAN RIGHTS BY USING THE INTERNET TO CENSOR, MISINFORM, CONDUCT SURVEILLANCE AND RESTRICT SPEECH OR USE IT AS A MEANS TO IDENTIFY AND INCARCERATE THOSE WHO SPEAK TRUTH TO POWER.
>THE OPENNESS OF THE INTERNET HAS BEEN THE KEY TO ITS GROWTH AND VALUE. PERMISSIONLESS INNOVATION IS THE MAIN SPRING OF INTERNET'S ECONOMIC POWER. WE MUST FIND WAYS TO PROTECT THE VALUES THAT THE INTERNET BRINGS, INCLUDING THE RIGHTS OF ITS USERS WHILE ALSO PROTECTING THEM FROM HARM.
>THESE PRINCIPLES, TOGETHER WITH GROWING ACCESS TO THE INTERNET WILL PROVE TO BE OF LASTING VALUE TO THE DEVELOPING WORLD THAT CAN TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE POSITIVE BENEFITS OF AN EXPANDING INFORMATION ECONOMY.
>OUR WORK IS NOT NEARLY DONE UNTIL THE INTERNET IS ACCESSIBLE TO EVERYONE AND IPv6 IS ACCESSIBLE EVERYWHERE.
>BRAZIL HAS SET A POSITIVE EXAMPLE IN NETmundial. IN A MULTIPARTY INITIATIVE LED BY CONGRESSMAN ALESANDRO MALONE, THE COUNTRY HAS JUST LEGISLATED MARCO CIVIL WHICH OFFERS IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS TO PROTECT INTERMEDIARY INTERNET PROVIDERS AND PROTECT USER RIGHTS. ITS INTERNET STEERING COMMITTEE, CGI.BR, IS A MODEL OF NATIONAL MULTISTAKEHOLDER GOVERNANCE.
>THIS MEETING, AMONG MANY OTHERS, REPRESENTS AN IMPORTANT OPPORTUNITY TO EXAMINE A MULTISTAKEHOLDER MODEL FOR INTERNET GOVERNANCE BASED ON THE PARTICIPATION OF ALL STAKEHOLDERS, INCLUDING ROLES FOR GOVERNMENT, ACADEMICS, CIVIL SOCIETY, PRIVATE BUSINESSES AND THE TECHNICAL COMMUNITY. THIS CONFERENCE HAS BROUGHT TOGETHER A RICH AND VARIED GROUP OF INTERESTED PARTIES TO EXPLORE PRINCIPLES AND GUIDELINES FOR FUTURE INTERNET GOVERNANCE AS IT REACHES THE OTHER 4 BILLION STILL UNCONNECTED PEOPLE IN THE WORLD.
>THE INTERNET HAS BEEN BUILT ON THE BASIS OF COLLABORATION AMONG A DIVERSE AND CONSTANTLY EVOLVING SET OF INTERESTED PARTIES. AND THIS IS A FOUNDATIONAL IDEA THAT MUST BE PRESERVED. NEW INSTITUTIONS AND OPERATIONAL PLAYERS HAVE BEEN FORMED AT NEED, SUCH AS THE INTERNET ARCHITECTURE BOARD, THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK, THE INTERPRET SOCIETY, THE INTERNET CORPORATION FOR ASSIGNED NAMES AND NUMBERS, THE REGIONAL INTERNET REGISTRIES AND THE NUMBER RESOURCE ORGANIZATION, OTHER REGIONAL TLD ORGANIZATIONS SUCH AS CENTR AND LacTLD, THE ROOT SERVER OPERATORS, REGIONAL NETWORK OPERATION GROUPS, THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAMS, INTERNET EXCHANGE POINTS, THE TOP-LEVEL DOMAIN REGISTRIES AND REGISTRARS AND THE NETWORK INFORMATION CENTERS SUCH AS THE BRAZILIAN NIC.
>OUT OF THE WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY HAS COME THE ANNUAL INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM AND ITS REGIONAL AND NATIONAL ANALOGS. WE CREATE INSTITUTIONS AT NEED.
>AS WE GATHER HERE FOR THE NEXT TWO DAYS, WE HAVE TWO SPECIFIC CHALLENGES TO CONSIDER. THE LARGER ONE IS THE GENERAL DESIGN OF A GLOBAL, MULTISTAKEHOLDER INTERNET GOVERNANCE FRAMEWORK THAT PRESERVES THE FREE AND OPEN INTERNET AND PROVIDES TRANSNATIONAL PROTECTIONS FOR THE RIGHTS OF USERS.
>THE FRAMEWORK HAS TO ENABLE THE EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET AND BE ABLE TO ADAPT TO IT. THE MORE FOCUSED CHALLENGE IS TO DEVISE A RESPONSE TO THE U.S. INVITATION TO ASSURE THAT WHEN THE U.S. GOVERNMENT AND ITS CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP WITH ICANN, THE MULTISTAKEHOLDER FRAMEWORK FOR ICANN'S MANAGEMENT OF UNIQUE IDENTIFIERS AND PARAMETERS WILL ADHERE TO THE PRINCIPLES THAT HAVE MADE THE INTERNET A REMARKABLE, GLOBAL AND BENEFICIAL INFRASTRUCTURE.
>I BELIEVE THAT THE CHALLENGE BEFORE US, ASSURING ICANN'S ADHERENCE CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED BY REINFORCING ITS ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY MECHANISMS. THE LARGER CHALLENGE, PROTECTING THE RIGHTS OF USERS WHILE ASSURING THEIR SAFETY WILL REQUIRE LAYERED, LOCAL, NATIONAL AND TRANSNATIONAL ENABLING MECHANISMS. WE CANNOT PRETEND TO KNOW THE SOLUTION TO ALL THE CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES THAT THE INTERNET POSES. WE CAN, HOWEVER, CREATE STRUCTURES THAT WILL ALLOW MULTISTAKEHOLDER COLLABORATIONS TO DISCOVER AND EVALUATE POSSIBLE ANSWERS.
>AMONG THE MECHANISMS THAT SHOULD BE REINFORCED AND SUPPORTED, I WOULD SINGLE OUT THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM. IT NEEDS FINANCIAL SUPPORT AND A PROPERLY STAFFED SECRETARIAT. IT HAS ILLUMINATED OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS ARISING FROM THE GLOBAL GROWTH OF THE INTERNET.
>MOBILE TECHNOLOGY RAPIDLY DROPPING COSTS FOR INTERNET-ENABLING EQUIPMENT AND COMMUNICATIONS, AND BOUNDLESS DEVELOPMENT OF NEW APPLICATIONS HAVE CREATED A RICH PALATE FROM WHICH TO PAINT A BENEFICIAL DIGITAL FUTURE. THE GLOBAL IGF AND ITS REGIONAL AND NATIONAL COUNTERPARTS CAN BECOME AN EVEN MORE HELPFUL MECHANISM FOR HIGHLIGHTING ISSUES BY TRACKING THEIR SOLUTIONS IN A VARIETY OF FORUMS AND ENABLING THE EMERGENCE OF NEW APPROACHES WHEN THESE SEEM NECESSARY.
>WE WOULD HAVE TO BE A PRETTY SILLY SPECIES NOT TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE GIFT THAT THE TECHNOLOGY HAS GIVEN US. THOSE OF US PARTICIPATING IN THE NETmundial -- WELL, I HAVE A VERY INTERESTING PROBLEM HERE, MY SPEECH ENDS BECAUSE THE REST OF IT WASN'T PRINTED OUT.
>[LAUGHTER ]
>SO I WILL END BY THANKING YOU VERY MUCH FOR THE TIME ON THIS STAGE.
>[APPLAUSE ]
>>>TIM BERNERS-LEE: TECHNOLOGY IS PERFECT THEN.
>45 YEARS AGO VINT CERF AND BOB KAHN PUT TOGETHER THE IDEA OF THE INTERNET, DESIGNED THAT, AND MADE THAT OPEN. 25 YEARS AGO -- A LONG TIME LATER, THE INTERNET WAS RUNNING. THERE WAS REMOTE --- . THERE WAS EMAIL RUNNING OVER THE INTERNET. BUT THERE WERE NO WEB, NO WEB SITES, NO WEB PAGES, NO LINKS. I FELT IT WAS REALLY IMPORTANT THERE SHOULD BE SO I INVENTED THE WEB. AND AS THE WORLDWIDE WEB PROJECT GREW, I NEEDED COLLABORATORS. I INVENTED HTML AND HTTP AND URLS BUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF THOSE HAD TO BE DONE BY A LARGE TECHNICAL COMMUNITY. I WENT TO THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE, I FOUNDED THE WORLDWIDE WEB CONSORTIUM THAT ASSESS THE STANDARDS FOR THE WEB AND ITS MOTTO IS TO LEAD THE WEB TO ITS FULL POTENTIAL.
>SO THE COLLABORATION BETWEEN THESE MULTISTAKEHOLDER GROUPS LIKE IETF AND W3C AND ALL THE PEERS THEY WORK WITH LIKE ECMA, TC39 FOR (SAYING NAME) THAT HAS BEEN REALLY CRUCIAL AND IT REALLY HAS BEEN HOW THIS HAS ALL WORKED.
>I HOPE YOU WILL AGREE THAT PEOPLE WORKING TOGETHER HAVE DONE A REASONABLE JOB AND LOOKING BACK AT THE 25 YEARS OF THE WEB, IT HAS BEEN -- IT HAS BEEN AN INCREDIBLE RIDE AND WE REALIZE NOW THAT RATHER THAN BEING A FUN PROJECT LIKE ALL THESE THINGS STARTED OFF WITH, IT NOW BECOMES SOMETHING WE HAVE TO REGARD AS TO BEING CRUCIAL.
>SOME OF THESE ORGANIZATIONS WHICH BELIEVE IN OPEN STANDARDS IN THIS PARTICULAR SORT OF MULTISTAKEHOLDER OPEN ON THE WEB SORT OF MEANING OF THE WORD, DEVISED THE WORD OPEN STAND. YOU CAN GO TO OPENSTAND.ORG TO EXPRESS THE WAY IT SHOULD BE ABOUT WITH OPEN DISCUSSION WITH THE DOCUMENTS BEING FREELY AVAILABLE ON THE WEB. WITH W3C SPECIFICALLY COMPANIES COMMIT THAT WHEN THEY START AND WORK TOWARDS THESE STANDARDS, THAT WHEN THE STANDARDS COME OUT THAT THEY WILL NOT CHARGE ROYALTIES TO ANYBODY WHO WANTS TO IMPLEMENT IT. SO KEEPING IT ROYALTY FREE HAS ALSO BEEN REALLY IMPORTANT.
>THE WEB GREW AS SOMETHING WHICH DID NOT INVOLVE BORDERS BECAUSE IT GREW ON THE INTERNET AND THE INTERNET, WHEN YOU CONNECT -- WHEN I WROTE A PROGRAM TO CONNECT FROM ONE COMPUTER TO THE OTHER, NEITHER PROGRAM HAD AN AWARENESS, NEEDED TO KNOW OR NECESSARILY FOUND IT EASY TO FIND OUT WHICH COUNTRY THOSE TWO COMPUTERS WERE IN. BUT INTERNET WAS TECHNICALLY -- IS A NATIONLESS THING. SO IN A NON-NATIONAL ENVIRONMENT, THE WEB GROWING UP, IT HAS BEEN A NON-NATIONAL SOCIETY WHICH HAS GROWN UP AROUND IT.
>YES, THERE HAS BEEN -- FORMALLY, THERE HAS BEEN A CONNECTION BETWEEN THE U.S. GOVERNMENT AND THE WAY INTERNET NUMBERS AND NAMES HAVE BEEN ASSIGNED. AND I'M VERY GLAD THAT THE U.S. GOVERNMENT HAS ACCEPTED TO RELEASE THAT OVERSIGHT. I THINK THAT IS VERY OVERDUE AND A VERY IMPORTANT STEP.
>IT IS AN IMPORTANT STEP BECAUSE ICANN SHOULD SERVICE -- IT SERVICES THE GLOBAL PUBLIC INTERNET, AND, THEREFORE, IT SHOULD BE A GLOBAL PUBLIC BODY. SO FOR ME, WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? IT IS EASY TO SAY IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST. FOR ME, FOR ICANN, THAT MEANS THAT DECISIONS THAT IT MAKES ABOUT TOP-LEVEL DOMAINS, ABOUT WHATEVER, ABOUT HOW TO SPEND ITS FUNDING, THEY SHOULD BE MADE BY STEPPING BACK AND THINKING, WELL, NEVERMIND THE PEOPLE WE KNOW INTIMATELY WHO ARE INVOLVED IN THAT DECISION BUT LET'S THINK ABOUT THE PLAN AS A WHOLE. WHAT IS BEST FOR HUMANITY AS A WHOLE? THAT SHOULD GUIDE EVERY DECISION THAT ICANN MAKES.
>OBVIOUSLY, ONE OF THE THINGS THAT ICANN DOES IS IT HAS FUNDS TO SPEND AND SO PARTLY IT CAN FURTHER THE WORLD BY SPENDING THOSE IN A BENEFICIAL WAY SUCH AS SUPPORTING -- WELL, SUPPORTING STANDARDIZATION, SUPPORTING HARDENING WEB TECHNOLOGY, SUPPORTING PIECES OF TECHNOLOGY LIKE THAT, THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF THE TECHNOLOGY, KEEPING IT SO IT WORKS WITH EVERY CULTURE AND LANGUAGE, ACCESSIBILITY FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES AND, OF COURSE, CLOSING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE FOR REALLY IMPORTANT AGENDAS WHICH ICANN CAN THINK ABOUT SUPPORTING.
>THE INTERNET HAS THRIVED FROM THE EMPOWERMENT OF CAPABLE AND PUBLIC-SPIRITED PEOPLE. INITIALLY, THEY WERE FROM THE TECHNICAL COMMUNITY AND ACADEMIA BUT MORE RECENTLY THE WHOLE PRIVATE SECTOR, CIVIL SOCIETY AND GOVERNMENTS. WE NEED INTERNET GOVERNMENTS WHICH ALLOWS EACH COMMUNITY TO BRING ITS PARTICULAR STRENGTHS TO THE TABLE BUT ALLOWS NONE OF THEM TO ELEVATE ITS OWN INTEREST ABOVE THE PUBLIC GOOD.
>FIVE YEARS AGO, RELATIVELY RECENTLY IN INTERNET TIME, SOME OF US REALIZE THAT ALL THE TECHNICAL WORK WE WERE DOING WAS WONDERFUL BUT IT WAS EVERY SINGLE THING DID WAS INCREASING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE, INCREASING THE GAP BETWEEN THE POWER OF THE PEOPLE WHO HAD THE WEB AND DID NOT HAVE IT. SO AT THAT POINT, WE STARTED THE WORLDWIDE WEB FOUNDATION ABOUT WHICH YOU ALREADY HEARD SOME TO MAKE SURE THAT THE WEB -- WELL, YES, THAT IT GETS TO, FOR EXAMPLE, THE 60% OF THE PEOPLE WHO IN THE WORLD WHO DON'T HAVE IT AT ALL BUT ALSO FOR THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE IT, THAT IT REALLY IS THE WEB THAT WE WOULD WANT, THE WEB HAS NOW BECOME AN ESSENTIAL PUBLIC UTILITY SO WE HAVE TO REGARD IT AS SUCH.
>MUCH OF OUR TRADITIONAL THINKING ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS APPLIES DIRECTLY TO EVERYTHING ON THE INTERNET SUCH AS FREE EXPRESSION. BUT NEW THINGS BECOMING IMPORTANT IN THE NETWORK CONTEXT, NET NEUTRALITY MEANS KEEPING THE NET FREE FROM DISCRIMINATION, BE IT COMMERCIAL OR POLITICAL.
>THE INNOVATIVE EXPLOSION WHICH HAPPENED ACROSS THE NET OVER THE LAST 25 YEARS HAS HAPPENED ONLY BECAUSE THAT NET HAS BEEN NEUTRAL. THE SOCIAL GROUND-BREAKING SENSE OF POSSIBILITY THAT WE CAN UNDERSTAND EACH OTHER AND POSSIBLY LIVE IN PEACE RELIES ON AN OPEN NET. OH, AND THANKS TO EVERYBODY WHO HAS EVER HELD UP A BANNER IN ANY FORUM ABOUT PUSHING FOR THE OPEN NET AND PUSHING AGAINST LAWS WHICH RESTRICT THE OPEN NET.
>SO THAT SENSE OF EXCITEMENT WHICH WE ALL HAVE GIVES US ALSO A RESPONSIBILITY THAT WE MUST KEEP THE NET NEUTRAL -- THE NET AS A NEUTRAL PLATFORM IN THE FUTURE.
>FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION IS A CRUCIAL RIGHT BUT IT HAS TO BE COUPLED ON THE NETWORK WITH A COMPLIMENTARY RIGHT TO PRIVACY AS, MADAM PRESIDENT, YOU HAVE POINTED OUT BEFORE AND HAVE ALREADY BEEN QUOTED TODAY.
>SO I WON'T QUOTE YOU AGAIN, BUT I WOULD, YES, AGREE THAT THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE THAT ARE WORRIED ABOUT SURVEILLANCE AND FEEL IT IS PERHAPS THE MOST IMMEDIATE THREAT. IT FEELS THE MOST IMMEDIATE THREAT. AND, OF COURSE, SURVEILLANCE ALL AFFECTS THE INTERNET, IT IS ONE OF THE MORE INSIDIOUS ONES BECAUSE YOU DON'T SEE IT HAPPENING UNLIKE CENSORSHIP.
>IT IS GREAT TO BE BACK IN BRAZIL TODAY, NOT JUST BECAUSE BRAZIL IS A WONDERFUL COUNTRY AND ONE WHICH HAS HAD A REALLY VIBRANT SENSE OF WHAT OPPORTUNITY ON THE NET BUT, OF COURSE, ESPECIALLY TODAY IS A SPECIAL DAY. YESTERDAY WAS A VERY SPECIAL DAY, THE MARCO CIVIL GOING THROUGH IS WONDERFUL. A FANTASTIC EXAMPLE OF HOW GOVERNMENTS COMPARE POSITIVE ROLE IN ADVANCING WEB RIGHTS AND KEEPING THE WEB OPEN. YES, EUROPEANS ALSO CELEBRATE, THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT PASSING LEGISLATION PROTECTING USERS ON THE WEB. WELL DONE. SO TWO DATA POINTS THAT SUGGEST WE ARE MAKING PROGRESS. THAT IS GREAT, BUT, BOY, WE HAVE GOT A HUGE WAY THE PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN RIGHTS ON THE NET ARE NEW AND THEY'RE NOT UNIVERSALLY ACCEPTED.
>THE WEB BECOMES EVER MORE EXCITING WITH EVERY ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY LIKE MOBILE WEB AND SO ON, BUT 60% OF THE WEB -- OF THE POPULATION CAN'T USE THE WEB AT ALL.
>AS THE WEB GIVES PEOPLE GREATER AND GREATER POWER, INDIVIDUALLY AND COLLECTIVELY, SO MANY FORCES ARE ABUSING OR THREATEN TO ABUSE THE NET AND ITS CITIZENS. THE WEB THAT WE WILL HAVE IN ANOTHER 25 YEARS' TIME IS, BY NO MEANS, CLEAR. BUT IT IS COMPLETELY UP TO US TO DECIDE WHAT WE WANT TO MAKE THAT WEB, WHAT WE WANT TO MAKE THAT WORLD.
>THAT'S WHY I'M ASKING WEB USERS AROUND THE WORLD, NOT JUST PEOPLE HERE IN THIS CONFERENCE ROOM AND THE OTHER CONFERENCE ROOMS WHERE THIS IS BEING RELAYED, NOT JUST PEOPLE IN THIS CONFERENCE BUT PEOPLE ALL OVER THE WORLD, TO GO AND THINK ABOUT WHAT YOU WANT AND TO FIND SOME SORT OF GLOBAL MAGNA CARTA FOR THE INTERNET. THAT IS WHY --
>[APPLAUSE ] >>TIM BERNERS-LEE: THAT IS WHY I'M ASKING COUNTRIES EVERYWHERE TO FOLLOW BRAZIL'S EXAMPLE AND EUROPE'S EXAMPLE AND DEVELOP POSITIVE LAWS THAT PROTECT AND EXPAND THE RIGHTS OF USERS IN AN OPEN, FREE, AND UNIVERSAL WEB.
>[APPLAUSE ]
>>>TIM BERNERS-LEE: THANK YOU.
>[APPLAUSE ] >> LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC HAS APPROVED A LAW THAT GUARANTEES THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES FOR THE USE OF INTERNET IN THE WORLD.
>[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >>H.E. DILMA ROUSSEFF: GOOD MORNING TO ONE AND ALL. I WOULD LIKE TO THANK THOSE WHO SPOKE BEFORE ME FOR PERFECTLY PRONOUNCING "GOOD MORNING" IN PORTUGUESE, (NON-ENGLISH WORD OR PHRASE) AS VOICED BY OUR DEAR REPRESENTATIVE FROM AFRICA, NNENNA NWAKANMA.
>THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR PERFECTLY PRONOUNCING (NON-ENGLISH WORD OR PHRASE) IN BRAZILIAN PORTUGUESE. GOOD MORNING.
>AND BY GREETING HER, I WOULD LIKE TO EXTEND MY GREETINGS TO ALL WOMEN WHO ARE CURRENTLY ACTIVE ON THE WEB. BOTH THE GIRLS AND THE GUYS WHO ARE EQUALLY ACTIVE ON THE WEB.
>GREETINGS, LIKEWISE, TO THE MAYOR OF SAO PAULO WHO HAS SO KINDLY WELCOMED US, AND ABOVE ALL, I WOULD RECYCLE TO, FIRST OF ALL, GREET TWO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS FROM BRAZIL. NAMELY MR. (SAYING NAME) REPRESENTING THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES WHO SERVED AS RAPPORTEUR OF THE BILL OF LAW WHICH LED UP TO THE PASSING YESTERDAY OF THE INTERNET CIVIL FRAMEWORK, AS WELL AS REPRESENTATIVE -- RATHER SENATOR (SAYING NAME), AND THROUGH HIM, I WOULD LIKE TO FURTHER EXTEND MY GREETINGS, LIKEWISE, TO THE SENATE RAPPORTEURS WHO WERE ABLE TO PASS THE PIECE OF LAW IN A RECORD TIME, SENATOR (SAYING NAME), SENATOR (SAYING NAME), AND SENATOR (SAYING NAME). THANK YOU.
>AND SO SENATOR (SAYING NAME) AND TO REPRESENTATIVE (SAYING NAME), I WOULD LIKE TO VOICE MY THANKS FOR YOUR EFFORTS IN PASSING THE INTERNET CIVIL FRAMEWORK.
>GREETINGS, LIKEWISE, TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS, HONG BO. SPECIAL GREETINGS LIKEWISE TO THE INVENTOR OF THE INTERNET, TIM BERNERS-LEE.
>I WOULD LIKE TO GREET THE VICE PRESIDENT OF GOOGLE, AND A KEY PERSON -- RATHER A KEY PERSON IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INTERNET, MR. CERF.
>GREETINGS, ONCE AGAIN, TO MR. (SAYING NAME) WHO, ON OCTOBER THE 8TH LAST YEAR, 2013 -- CORRECT, FADI, IF I'M NOT MISTAKEN, WE MET IN BRAZIL YEAH AND ON THAT OCCASION DURING THAT MEETING WITH YOU THE SEMINAL IDEA SURFACED OF ESTABLISHING THIS INTERNET GOVERNANCE SUMMIT MEETING THAT IS REALIZED HERE TODAY, SO THANK YOU VERY MUCH AN ALL OF YOU, INCLUDING CABINET MINISTERS AND FOREIGN DELEGATES ATTENDING THIS SESSION TODAY. ---
>MAY I ALSO USE THE OPPORTUNITY ---
>MAY I ALSO USE THE OPPORTUNITY TO GREET ALL CABINET MINISTERS WHO HAVE BEEN ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN THE PROCESS THAT LED UP TO THE PASSING OF THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE CIVIL FRAMEWORK, AN EFFORT WHICH OF COURSE INVOLVED ALL STAKEHOLDERS AND SOCIETY.
>SPECIAL THANKS TO MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, AMBASSADOR (SAYING NAME), MINISTER OF JUSTICE CARDOZO, ALSO MINISTER OF COMMUNICATIONS, MINISTER OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, (SAYING NAME), AND MAY I ALSO GREET AND THANK SENATOR AND MINISTER OF CULTURE (SAYING NAME) AS WELL AS THE BRAZILIAN SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE, (SAYING NAME). GREETINGS LIKEWISE TO ALL ATTENDEES, PARTICULARLY THE MEDIA PROFESSIONALS, JOURNALISTS, PHOTOGRAPHERS, AND CAMERAMEN AND WOMEN.
>MAY I SAY THAT YOU ARE ALL MOST WELCOME TO BRAZIL.
>AS ATTENDEES TO THIS GLOBAL MULTISTAKEHOLDER MEETING ON THE FUTURE OF INTERNET GOVERNANCE, THE SO-CALLED NETmundial AS WE CALL IT IN PORTUGUESE.
>AT THIS POINT IN TIME I WOULD ALSO LIKE TO VOICE MY GREETINGS TO THE ORGANIZERS, I.E., THE INTERNET MANAGEMENT OR MANAGING COMMITTEE AS WELL AS THE 1net COMMITTEE. IT GIVES ME GREAT JOY TO SEE IN THIS PLENARY HALL REPRESENTATIVES OF ALL DIFFERENT SECTORS WHO -- OR WHICH ARE IN ONE WAY INVOLVED IN THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE.
>IN THIS HALL TODAY, WE HAVE CIVIL SOCIETY, ACADEMIA, MEMBERS OF THE TECHNICAL COMMUNITY, BUSINESSES, AND GOVERNMENTS AT LARGE.
>THIS HEALTHY DIVERSITY -- AND I STRESS IT IS A HEALTHY DIVERSITY -- IS ALSO A HALLMARK OF THOSE GROUPS THAT HAVE JOINED US THROUGH THE INTERNET AND THIS MEETING, AND I WOULD LIKE TO USE THE OPPORTUNITY TODAY TO ESTABLISH A DIALOGUE ON THE ISSUES AND THE PURPOSES THAT BRING US TOGETHER IN SAO PAULO TODAY.
>BACK IN MID-2013 WHEN THE REVELATION SURFACED ON THE COMPREHENSIVE MECHANISMS FOR COLLECTIVE MONITORING OF COMMUNICATIONS CAUSED ANGER AND REPUDIATION IN VAST CIRCLES OF PUBLIC OPINION BOTH IN BRAZIL AND IN THE WORLD AT LARGE, IN BRAZIL CITIZENS, COMPANIES, DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATIONS AND EVEN THE PRESIDENCY OF THE REPUBLIC ITSELF WERE TARGETED, AND THEIR COMMUNICATIONS INTERCEPTED.
>THESE EVENTS ARE NOT ACCEPTABLE. WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE IN THE PAST AND REMAIN UNACCEPTABLE TODAY, IN THAT THEY ARE AN AFFRONTMENT AGAINST THE VERY NATURE OF THE INTERNET AS A DEMOCRATIC, FREE, AND PLURALISTIC PLATFORM.
>THE INTERNET WE WANT IS ONLY POSSIBLE IN A SCENARIO WHERE HUMAN RIGHTS ARE RESPECTED. PARTICULARLY THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY AND TO ONE'S FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION.
>ACCORDINGLY, IN MY ADDRESS TO THE 68TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS, I PUT FORTH A PROPOSAL TO TACKLE SUCH PRACTICES. I THEN PROPOSED A DISCUSSION ON ESTABLISHING A GLOBAL CIVIL FRAMEWORK FOR INTERNET GOVERNANCE AND USE, AS WELL AS MEASURES TO ENSURE ACTUAL PROTECTION OF DATA THAT TRAVELS THROUGH THE INTERNET.
>ALSO, WORKING TOGETHER WITH GERMAN CHANCELLOR ANGELA MERKEL WE SUBMITTED TO THE UNITED NATIONS A DRAFT RESOLUTION ON THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY IN THE DIGITAL AGE.
>BY CONSENSUS, THE RESOLUTION WAS PASSED AS PROPOSED AND WE ALSO PASSED A CALL FOR STATES TO DISCONTINUE ANY ARBITRARY OR ILLEGAL COLLECTION OF PERSONAL DATA AND TO ENFORCE USERS' RIGHTS TO PRIVACY.
>I SHOULD ACTUALLY STRESS THE FACT THAT THE SAME RIGHTS THAT PEOPLE ARE ENTITLED TO OFFLINE OR IN THE OFFLINE WORLD SHOULD BE LIKEWISE PROTECTED ON THE ONLINE WORLD.
>THIS MEETING TODAY, NETMUNDIAL, PROVIDES FURTHER MOMENTUM TO THAT EFFORT. THIS MEETING ALSO LIVES UP TO A GLOBAL YEARNING AS WE PROPOSE CHANGES IN THE CURRENT STATE OF AFFAIRS AND FOR AN ONGOING CONSISTENT STRENGTHENING OF FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION ON THE INTERNET AS WELL AS EFFORTS TO ULTIMATELY PROTECT BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS, AS IS THE CASE OF ONE'S RIGHT TO PRIVACY. AND WITHOUT THE SHADOW OF A DOUBT, THAT IS ALSO THE CASE OF ONE'S RIGHT TO PROPER TREATMENT OF WEB-BASED DISCUSSIONS IN A RESPECTFUL FASHION, TO ENSURE ITS OPEN, DEMOCRATIC NATURE. WE HAVE ALL TO SAO PAULO, THEREFORE, WITH A SHARED PURPOSE, THE PURPOSE OF ENHANCING AND DEMOCRATIZING INTERNET GOVERNANCE BY MEANS OF CONSENSUS BUILDING. AND I MEAN CONSENSUS AROUND PRINCIPLES, AND ON A ROADMAP TO BE DEVELOPED FOR ITS FUTURE EVOLUTION.
>A POINT I'D LIKE TO MAKE PLAIN AND CLEAR IS THAT THE IDEA HERE IS NOT, OF COURSE, TO REPLACE FOR THE COUNTLESS FORA OUT THERE THAT ALREADY ADDRESS THE TOPIC OR THE MATTER AT HAND TODAY. THE IDEA, RATHER, IS TO LEND A NEW MOMENTUM TO THE ONGOING DISCUSSIONS IN A MUCH NEEDED SENSE OF URGENCY.
>WE, THEREFORE, WORK FROM TWO PREMISES OR KEY ASSUMPTIONS.
>THE FIRST SUCH PREMISE IS THAT WE ALL WANT TO PROTECT THE INTERNET AS A SPACE, AVAILABLE TO ALL, AS A SHARED ASSET, AND AS SUCH, TRULY HERITAGE OF HUMANKIND, MORE THAN SIMPLY A WORK TOOL AND WAY BEYOND ITS WELL-KNOWN CONTRIBUTION FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH, PROVIDED, OF COURSE, THAT IT BE INCREASINGLY INCLUSIVE AND THE FACT IS THAT THE INTERNET HAS ENABLED THE CONSTANT REINVENTION OF THE WAY PEOPLE AND INSTITUTIONS INTERACT, PRODUCE CULTURE, AND ORGANIZE THEMSELVES, EVEN POLITICALLY.
>AN OPEN AND DECENT NETWORK ARCHITECTURE FAVORS GREATER ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE. IT HELPS MAKE COMMUNICATIONS MORE DEMOCRATIC AND ALSO FOSTERS CONSTANT INNOVATION. THESE BASIC FEATURES ARE THE FEATURES THAT WE WANT AND THAT SHOULD BE PRESERVED UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES, AND IN ANY SCENARIO, IN ORDER TO ULTIMATELY GUARANTEE THE FUTURE OF THE INTERNET AND, THUS, BOOST ITS TRANSFORMATIVE EFFECTS FOR AND IN SOCIETIES.
>THE SECOND PREMISE OR ASSUMPTION IS THE DESIRE WE ALL SHARE TO INCORPORATE AN INCREASINGLY BROADER AUDIENCE INTO THIS PROCESS.
>OUR COMMITMENT TO AN OPEN AND INCLUSIVE DEBATE HAS GUIDED THE EFFORTS TO ORGANIZE THIS MEETING IN SAO PAULO TODAY. ALL DIFFERENT WALKS OF LIFE HAVE TAKEN PART IN ITS PREPARATION AND ARE DULY REPRESENTED IN THIS PLANE HALL TODAY.
>WE ARE TALKING ABOUT THOUSANDS OF PARTICIPANTS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD WHO ARE JOINED BY VIRTUAL CONNECTIONS IN SEVERAL DIFFERENT POINTS OF THE PLANET.
>THE TOPICS TO BE DISCUSSED HAVE BEEN THE SUBJECT OF BROAD AND PRIOR INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND HAVE RECEIVED INPUTS FROM PLAYERS OR STAKEHOLDERS LOCATED IN SEVERAL DIFFERENT COUNTRIES AND IN DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHIES.
>THESE PROPOSALS IN TURN, OR INPUTS, HAVE SERVED AS THE FOUNDATION TO DEVELOP A DRAFT DOCUMENT, THE DRAFT DOCUMENT TO BE DISCUSSED AND FURTHER ENHANCED HERE IN THE NEXT FEW DAYS.
>I WOULD LIKE TO WELCOME THE WORK CONDUCTED BY THE EXECUTIVE METRIC SECTORAL COMMUNITY AS WELL AS THE HIGH-LEVEL MULTISTAKEHOLDER COMMITTEE FOR THIS JOINT EFFORT.
>THE INTEREST OF BRAZILIANS IN THE INTERNET IS REFLECTED ON THE SUBSTANTIAL PARTICIPATION OF BRAZILIAN NATIONALS IN THE DOMESTIC PUBLIC CAPTION AS FACILITATED BY THE.BR PORTAL. AT THIS TIME, CIVIL SOCIETY IS ORGANIZED IN THIS FORUM, THE SO-CALLED NETmundial ARENA, WHICH IS THE BRAZILIAN LOCUS FOR ACCESS TO TODAY'S SESSIONS.
>MAY I REMIND ALL THE LADIES AND GENTLEMEN AND FRIENDS ATTENDING THIS SESSION THAT BRAZIL ADVOCATES THAT INTERNET GOVERNANCE SHOULD BE MULTISTAKEHOLDER, MULTILATERAL, DEMOCRATIC, AND TRANSPARENT IN NATURE.
>IT IS OUR VIEW THAT THE MULTISTAKEHOLDER MODEL IS THE BEST WAY TO EXERCISE INTERNET GOVERNANCE.
>VERY MUCH IN ACCORDANCE WITH THAT VIEW, OUR LOCAL GOVERNANCE SYSTEM WHICH HAS BEEN IN OPERATION FOR 20 YEARS HAS RELIED ON ACTUAL PARTICIPATION OF REPRESENTATIVES FROM CIVIL SOCIETY, MEMBERS OF ACADEMIA, THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY, AND THE GOVERNMENT AT LARGE AT THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE -- OR AT THE INTERNET MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE.
>FULLY IN LINE WITH WHAT I JUST SAID, I ALSO ATTACH A GREAT DEAL OF IMPORTANCE TO THE MULTILATERAL PERSPECTIVE, ACCORDING TO WHICH GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION SHOULD OCCUR ON AN EQUAL FOOTING AMONG GOVERNMENTS IN SUCH A WAY AS TO ENSURE THAT NO COUNTRY WILL HAVE OR BEAR GREATER WEIGHT VIS-A-VIS OTHER COUNTRIES.
>[APPLAUSE ] >>H.E. DILMA ROUSSEFF: OUR ADVOCACY OF THE MULTILATERAL MODEL IS THE NATIONAL CONSEQUENCE OF AN ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLE THAT SHOULD GOVERN TODAY'S INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AS ENSHRINED IN THE BRAZILIAN FEDERAL CONSTITUTION. I'M TALKING ABOUT EQUALITY AMONG STATES.
>WE, THEREFORE, SEE NO OPPOSITION WHATSOEVER BETWEEN MULTI- -- OR THE MULTILATERAL AND THE MULTISTAKEHOLDER NATURE OF THE INTERNET. ACTUALLY, THE OPPOSITE OF THAT WOULD BE A ONE-SIDED UNILATERAL INTERNET WHICH IS UNTENABLE.
>AN INTERNET THAT IS ULTIMATELY SUBJECT TO INTERGOVERNMENTAL ARRANGEMENTS THAT EXCLUDE OTHER SECTORS OF SOCIETY IS NOT DEMOCRATIC.
>MULTISTAKEHOLDER ARRANGEMENTS THAT ARE IN TURN SUBJECT TO OVERSIGHT BY ONE OR FEW STATES ARE NOT ACCEPTABLE EITHER.
>WE TRULY WANT TO MAKE RELATIONS BETWEEN GOVERNMENTS AND SOCIETIES MORE DEMOCRATIC, AS WELL AS THE RELATIONS AMONG GOVERNMENTS. WE WANT MORE, NOT LESS, DEMOCRACY.
>THE TASK OF PROVIDING A GLOBAL DONATION TO THE ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE CURRENTLY RESPONSIBLE FOR CENTRAL FUNCTIONS OF THE INTERNET IS NOT ONLY NECESSARY, BUT ALSO AN UN-POSTPONABLE TASK.
>THE COMPLEXITY OF THE TRANSITION AT HAND, WHICH ON THE ONE HAND INVOLVES JURISDICTIONAL COMPETENCE, AS WELL AS ACCOUNTABILITY AND AN AGREEMENT WITH MULTIPLE STAKEHOLDERS, DOES NOT, NEVERTHELESS, MAKE IT LESS URGENT A TASK.
>THAT IS WHY I'D LIKE TO AGAIN WELCOME THE RECENTLY VOICED INTENTION OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT TO REPLACE ITS INSTITUTIONAL LINKAGE WITH THE AUTHORITY FOR -- OR WITH THE INTERNET AUTHORITY FOR NUMBER ASSIGNMENT, IANA, AND THE INTERNET CORPORATION FOR NAMES AND NUMBER ASSIGNMENTS, ICANN, BY A GLOBAL MANAGEMENT OF THESE INSTITUTIONS FROM NOW ONWARDS, A NEW INSTRUMENTAL AND LEGAL ARRANGEMENT OF THE ISDN UNDER THE RESPONSIBILITY OF IANA AND ICANN SHOULD BE BUILT IN SUCH A WAY AS TO INCLUDE BROAD-RANGING INVOLVEMENT OF ALL SECTORS THAT HAVE AN INTEREST IN THE MATTER WAY BEYOND THE TRADITIONAL STAKEHOLDERS OR PLAYERS.
>EACH SECTOR, OF COURSE, PERFORMS DIFFERENT ROLES BASED ON LIKEWISE DIFFERENTIATED RESPONSIBILITIES.
>THE OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT OF THE INTERNET SHOULD CONTINUE BEING LED BY ITS TECHNICAL COMMUNITY. MAY I, AT THIS POINT, VOICE MY PUBLIC RECOGNITION -- AND THIS IS ON BEHALF OF MY GOVERNMENT -- TO THESE PEOPLE WHO DEVOTE THEIR TIME AND ENERGY ON A DAY-TO-DAY BASIS TO KEEPING THE INTERNET AS AN OPEN, STABLE, AND SECURE PLATFORM, A KEY EFFORT WHICH REMAINS LARGELY INVISIBLE IN THE EYES OF MOST OF US END USERS.
>MATTERS PERTAINING TO SOVEREIGNTY SUCH AS CYBERCRIME, BREACH OF RIGHTS, ECONOMIC ISSUES OR TRANSNATIONAL ECONOMIC ISSUES, AND THREATS OF CYBER-ATTACKS ARE THE PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY OF STATES.
>THE TASK AT HAND IS, ABOVE ALL, TO ENSURE THAT STATES WILL HAVE AT THEIR AVAIL THE TOOLS THAT WILL ALLOW THEM TO FULFILL THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES BEFORE THEIR CITIZENS, TO INCLUDE THE GUARANTEE OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS. RIGHTS WHICH ARE ENSURED OFFLINE SHOULD BE EQUALLY INSURED ONLINE.
>THESE RIGHTS THRIVE UNDER THE SHELTER AND NOT IN THE ABSENCE OF THE STATE.
>IN ORDER FOR THE GLOBAL INTERNET GOVERNANCE TO BE TRULY DEMOCRATIC, MECHANISMS ARE REQUIRED TO ENABLE GREATER PARTICIPATION OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN ALL DIFFERENT SECTORS.
>THE MATTERS THAT ARE IN THE INTEREST OF THESE COUNTRIES THAT ARE THE HEAVY-DUTY USERS OF THE INTERNET, TOPICS SUCH AS, FOR EXAMPLE, EXPANDING CONNECTIVITY, ACCESSIBILITY, AND THE RESPECT TO DIVERSITY, SHOULD BE CENTRAL ON THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA.
>IT IS NOT ENOUGH FOR FORA TO BE OPEN FROM A PURELY FORMAL STANDPOINT. WE MUST FURTHER IDENTIFY AND REMOVE THE VISIBLE AND INVISIBLE BARRIERS TO ACTUAL PARTICIPATION OF THE ENTIRE POPULATION OF EVERY COUNTRY OR ELSE WE WOULD BE ULTIMATELY RESTRICTING OR LIMITING THE DEMOCRATIC ROLE AND THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL REACH OF THE INTERNET.
>THE EFFORT AT HAND FURTHER REQUIRES THAT THE INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM BE FURTHER STRENGTHENED AS A DIALOGUE FORUM CAPABLE OF PRODUCING RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.
>IT ALSO REQUIRES A COMPREHENSIVE, BROAD-RANGING REVIEW OF THE 10 YEARS FOLLOWING THE SUMMIT -- WORLD SUMMIT MEETING OF INFORMATION SOCIETY AS WELL AS A DEEPER DISCUSSION ON ETHICS AND PRIVACY AT THE UNESCO LEVEL.
>GIVEN THE ABOVE, MAY I SAY THAT WE ARE STRONG BELIEVERS THAT THE CYBER-SPACE -- AND I'M SURE THAT BELIEF IS SHARED BY ALL OF US -- THE CYBER-SPACE SHOULD BE THE TERRITORY OF TRUST, HUMAN RIGHTS, CITIZENSHIP, COLLABORATION, AND PEACE.
>TO ACHIEVE THESE OBJECTIVES, WE MUST AGREE ON BASIC PRINCIPLES THAT WILL ULTIMATELY GUIDE INTERNET GOVERNANCE.
>AS REGARDS PRIVACY, THE RESOLUTION PASSED BY THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION WAS AN IMPORTANT STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION, BUT WE MUST -- BUT WE STILL HAVE MUCH PROGRESS TO MAKE.
>ANY DATA COLLECTION OR TREATMENT SHOULD ONLY BE CARRIED OUT WITH FULL AGREEMENT OF THE PARTIES INVOLVED OR AS LEGALLY PROVIDED FOR.
>HOWEVER, THE DISCUSSION ON PRINCIPLES IS MUCH MORE COMPREHENSIVE. IT SHOULD -- AND I STRESS IT SHOULD -- INCLUDE UNIVERSAL INTERNET ACCESS, WHICH IS ABSOLUTELY KEY FOR THE WEB TO SERVE AS A TOOL FOR HUMAN AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SO AS TO ULTIMATELY HELP BUILD INCLUSIVE, NONDISCRIMINATORY SOCIETIES.
>IT SHOULD ALSO INCLUDE FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND NET NEUTRALITY AS AN SINE BRAZIL HAS ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO MAKE FOLLOWING A BROAD RANGING DISCUSSION, DOMESTIC PROCESS THAT HAS ULTIMATELY LED TO THE PASSING OF THE INTERNET CIVIL FRAMEWORK ACT AS PASSED YESTERDAY BY CONGRESS IN WHICH I HAD THE HONOR OF SANCTIONING JUST A FEW MINUTES AGO. THE LAW -- AND I MAY QUOTE TIM BERNERS-LEE WHO QUOTED THE LAW AS A PRESIDENT TO THE WEB ON THE OCCASION OF THE 20th -- OR 25th ANNIVERSARY AS SUCH THE LAW CLEARLY SHOWS THE FEASIBILITY AND SUCCESS OF OPEN MULTISECTORIAL DISCUSSIONS AS WELL AS THE INNOVATIVE USE OF THE INTERNET AS PART OF ONGOING DISCUSSIONS AS A TOOL AND A INTERACTIVE DISCUSSION PLATFORM.
>I THINK IT IS FAIR TO SAY THAT THE PROCESS THAT LED UP TO THE CIVIL FRAMEWORK ACT CAN BE DESCRIBED AS A VIRTUOUS PROCESS IN THAT OUR CIVIL FRAMEWORK, AS IT CURRENTLY STANDS, HAS BEEN EVEN FURTHER APPRECIATED GIVEN THE PROCESS THAT PRECEDED THE EFFORTS TO ESTABLISH IT AS SUCH.
>MAY I, THEREFORE, CALL TO MIND THAT OUR CIVIL FRAMEWORK ESTABLISHES PRINCIPLES, GUARANTEES AND USER RIGHTS, CLEARLY ASSIGNING DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DIFFERENT STAKEHOLDERS AND GOVERNMENT AGENCIES ON AN ONLINE ENVIRONMENT. AND EQUALLY IMPORTANT, IT ENSHRINES NETWORK NEUTRALITY AS A KEY PRINCIPLE, A MAJOR GAIN WHICH WE WERE ABLE TO MATERIALIZE AS A CONSENSUS IN THE PROCESS.
>IT ENSHRINES NETWORK NEUTRALITY BY ESTABLISHING THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANY SHOULD TREAT ANY DATA PACKAGES ON IN A --- FASHION WITH ACCOUNT TO AGENT, DESTINATION, SERVICE, TERMINAL OR APPLICATION. THE LAW OR FRAMEWORK AS HAS TRULY ENSHRINED NETWORK NEUTRALITY. FURTHERMORE, COMPANIES MAY NOT BLOCK, MONITOR, FILTER OR ANALYZE THE CONTENT OF DATA PACKAGES.
>THE CIVIL FRAMEWORK PROTECTS CITIZENS' PRIVACY IN THE ONLY IN THE RELATION WITH THE GOVERNMENTS BUT ALSO WITH RELATION WITH THE INTERNET COMPANIES. COMMUNICATIONS ARE, BY DEFINITION, NON-VIABLE EXCEPT BY A SPECIFIC COURT ORDER TO THAT EFFECT. THE RECENTLY PASSED LAW FURTHER CONTAINS CLEAR RULES GOVERNING WITHDRAWAL OF CONTENT FROM THE INTERNET. ALWAYS, OF COURSE, WITH A VIEW TO ENSURING THAT THE APPLICABLE COURT ORDERS BE AVAILABLE.
>THE CIVIL NETWORK IS AN EXAMPLE OF THE FACT THAT THE INTERNET DEVELOPMENT CANNOT DO IT WITHOUT A DISCUSSION PROCESS AND THE INVOLVEMENT OF NATIONAL STATES. AS SUCH, IT STANDS AS AN INNOVATIVE BENCHMARK MILESTONES BECAUSE IN ITS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS, WE HEARD THE VOICES OF THE STREETS, THE NETWORKS AND OF DIFFERENT INSTITUTIONS.
>FOR ALL OF THE ABOVE, IT IS OUR FIRM CONVICTION THAT ON A NETWORK, EACH NODE MATTERS. THE LARGE NODES SUCH AS THE MEGA PORTALS TO WHICH A SUBSTANTIAL AMOUNT OF WORLD TRAFFIC CONVERGES AND SMALL NODES ARE EQUALLY IMPORTANT.
>AT THIS TIME, I WOULD LIKE TO BRING TO THE FORE A KEY FUNDAMENTAL ISSUE AND TALK ABOUT THE FACT THAT THIS COUNTRY HAS TAKEN A MAJOR STEP FORWARD AS PART OF THE ONGOING PROCESS WHEREBY WE NOT ONLY INCLUDE BUT ALSO GUARANTEE A STEADY STREAM OF INCOME TO A SUBSTANTIAL SHARE OF THE POPULATION.
>INCOME AND ACCESS ARE EQUALLY IMPORTANT. WE BELIEVE THAT IT IS EQUALLY IMPORTANT TO ENSURE WE HAVE PLACE IN SOCIETY WHERE CITIZENS HAVE THEIR OWN VIEWS AND THEY ARE ABLE TO VOICE THEIR VIEWS FREELY. HENCE, THE INVALUABLE DEGREE OF IMPORTANCE WE ATTACH TO THE INTERNET IN OUR SOCIETY.
>WE ALSO HAVE YET ANOTHER MAJOR ASSET. I'M TALKING ABOUT BRAZIL'S ETHNIC CULTURAL, POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY. IT IS OURS TO NOT ONLY RESPECT BUT ALSO PROMOTE AND FOSTER OUR CULTURAL DIVERSITY. WE DO NOT WISH TO IMPOSE BELIEFS, CUSTOMS, VALUES OR POLITICAL VIEWS ON ANYONE.
>MAY I PARTICULARLY HIGHLIGHT THE THOUSANDS OF USERS THAT MULTIPLY ON A DAY-TO-DAY BASIS NOT ONLY HERE BUT IN ALL THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN THE OUTSKIRTS OF LARGE URBAN AREAS AND ALSO IN TRADITIONAL COMMUNITIES OUT THERE. ALL OF THESE NEW USERS ENRICH THE NETWORK WITH NEW ALTERNATIVE IDEAS AND ACCOUNTS OF THE WORLD, NEW WORLD VISIONS. THESE PEOPLE MAKE THE INTERNET A STRONGER AND MORE UNIVERSAL PLATFORM.
>AND IT IS ON THEIR BEHALF AND BECAUSE OF THEM, THAT I WOULD LIKE TO AGAIN VOICE MY THANKS TO ALL OF YOU FOR ATTENDING THIS MEETING IN SAO PAULO. FOR US, THE INTERNET IS A MODERN-DAY PRO EMANCIPATION, PRO TRANSFORMATION TOOL THAT CHANGES SOCIETY. SWEEPING CHANGES ARE INTRODUCED THROUGH THE INTERNET. YOU ARE ALL MOST WELCOME. AND I HOPE YOU WILL ALL COME BACK FOR THE WORLD CUP OF ALL CUPS. IF NOT, MAKE SURE YOU WATCH IT THROUGH THE INTERNET. THANK YOU VERY MUCH AGAIN.
>[APPLAUSE ]
>>> LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, WE THANK YOU FOR THE PRESENCE OF YOU ALL. WE CLOSE NOW THIS CEREMONY.
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